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Title: THE DETERMINATION OF DIFFUSION COEFFICIENT OF INVERT MATERIALS

Abstract

The Engineered Barrier System (EBS) Testing Department is performing tests in the Department of Energy's Atlas Facility to evaluate the performance of various means for increasing the time for breakthrough of radionuclides from the waste package to the base of the invert. This includes testing various barriers in the invert as a means of increasing breakthrough time through the process of diffusion. A diffusion barrier may serve as an invert material for the emplacement drifts. The invert material may consist of crushed tuff from the repository excavation at Yucca Mountain or silica sand. The objective of this report is to determine the diffusion coefficient of the crushed tuff and silica sand invert materials specified by the EBS Testing Department. The laboratory derived information from the testing was used in the Nernst-Einstein equation (Jurinak et al. 1987, p. 626) to determine the diffusion coefficient of the invert material. This report transmits the results and describes the methodology and interpretation. The scope of this report is to determine the diffusion coefficients of the invert materials mentioned above using the centrifuge at UFA Ventures. Standard laboratory procedures, described in Section 2 of this report, were used. The diffusion coefficients are to be determinedmore » over a range of moisture contents. The report contains the diffusion coefficients calculated by the Nernst-Einstein equation (Jurinak et al. 1987, p. 626) that become a part of the Technical Database. Raw data is also included in the report, however this data does not become part of the Technical Database as per Section 3.23 of AP-SIII.3Q ''Submittal and Incorporation of Data to the Technical Data Management System''. A sieve analysis of the samples was not conducted as part of this report, but sieve analysis may be accomplished as part of other reports. Two samples of crushed tuff and two samples of silica sand were tested.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Yucca Mountain Project, Las Vegas, Nevada
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
889233
Report Number(s):
TDR-EBS-MD-000002
MOL.20000124.0320, DT#22191; TRN: US0604457
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC08-91RW00134
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; CENTRIFUGES; DIFFUSION; DIFFUSION BARRIERS; EXCAVATION; MANAGEMENT; MOISTURE; PERFORMANCE; POSITIONING; RADIOISOTOPES; SAND; SILICA; TESTING; TUFF; WASTES; YUCCA MOUNTAIN

Citation Formats

P. Heller and J. Wright. THE DETERMINATION OF DIFFUSION COEFFICIENT OF INVERT MATERIALS. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/889233.
P. Heller and J. Wright. THE DETERMINATION OF DIFFUSION COEFFICIENT OF INVERT MATERIALS. United States. doi:10.2172/889233.
P. Heller and J. Wright. Tue . "THE DETERMINATION OF DIFFUSION COEFFICIENT OF INVERT MATERIALS". United States. doi:10.2172/889233. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/889233.
@article{osti_889233,
title = {THE DETERMINATION OF DIFFUSION COEFFICIENT OF INVERT MATERIALS},
author = {P. Heller and J. Wright},
abstractNote = {The Engineered Barrier System (EBS) Testing Department is performing tests in the Department of Energy's Atlas Facility to evaluate the performance of various means for increasing the time for breakthrough of radionuclides from the waste package to the base of the invert. This includes testing various barriers in the invert as a means of increasing breakthrough time through the process of diffusion. A diffusion barrier may serve as an invert material for the emplacement drifts. The invert material may consist of crushed tuff from the repository excavation at Yucca Mountain or silica sand. The objective of this report is to determine the diffusion coefficient of the crushed tuff and silica sand invert materials specified by the EBS Testing Department. The laboratory derived information from the testing was used in the Nernst-Einstein equation (Jurinak et al. 1987, p. 626) to determine the diffusion coefficient of the invert material. This report transmits the results and describes the methodology and interpretation. The scope of this report is to determine the diffusion coefficients of the invert materials mentioned above using the centrifuge at UFA Ventures. Standard laboratory procedures, described in Section 2 of this report, were used. The diffusion coefficients are to be determined over a range of moisture contents. The report contains the diffusion coefficients calculated by the Nernst-Einstein equation (Jurinak et al. 1987, p. 626) that become a part of the Technical Database. Raw data is also included in the report, however this data does not become part of the Technical Database as per Section 3.23 of AP-SIII.3Q ''Submittal and Incorporation of Data to the Technical Data Management System''. A sieve analysis of the samples was not conducted as part of this report, but sieve analysis may be accomplished as part of other reports. Two samples of crushed tuff and two samples of silica sand were tested.},
doi = {10.2172/889233},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {1}
}