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Title: Evaluation of Utility System Impacts and Benefits of Optimally Dispatched Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Revised)

Abstract

Hybrid electric vehicles with the capability of being recharged from the grid may provide a significant decrease in oil consumption. These ''plug-in'' hybrids (PHEVs) will affect utility operations, adding additional electricity demand. Because many individual vehicles may be charged in the extended overnight period, and because the cost of wireless communication has decreased, there is a unique opportunity for utilities to directly control the charging of these vehicles at the precise times when normal electricity demand is at a minimum. This report evaluates the effects of optimal PHEV charging, under the assumption that utilities will indirectly or directly control when charging takes place, providing consumers with the absolute lowest cost of driving energy. By using low-cost off-peak electricity, PHEVs owners could purchase the drive energy equivalent to a gallon of gasoline for under 75 cents, assuming current national average residential electricity prices.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
888683
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-620-40293
TRN: US200625%%279
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-99-GO10337
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Related Information: Supercedes July 2006 version.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; COMMUNICATIONS; ELECTRICITY; EVALUATION; GASOLINE; PRICES; HYBRID ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE; PHEV; ANALYSIS; TRANSPORTATION; CARBON EMISSIONS; ENERGY; OIL; FUEL; FUEL-EFFICIENT VEHICLES; UTILITIES; ELECTRICITY DEMAND; PHEV CHARGING; Energy Analysis; Crosscutting; FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies; Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies; Wind and Hydropower Technologies; Distributed Energy and Electricity Reliability

Citation Formats

Denholm, P, and Short, W. Evaluation of Utility System Impacts and Benefits of Optimally Dispatched Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Revised). United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.2172/888683.
Denholm, P, & Short, W. Evaluation of Utility System Impacts and Benefits of Optimally Dispatched Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Revised). United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/888683
Denholm, P, and Short, W. 2006. "Evaluation of Utility System Impacts and Benefits of Optimally Dispatched Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Revised)". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/888683. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/888683.
@article{osti_888683,
title = {Evaluation of Utility System Impacts and Benefits of Optimally Dispatched Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Revised)},
author = {Denholm, P and Short, W},
abstractNote = {Hybrid electric vehicles with the capability of being recharged from the grid may provide a significant decrease in oil consumption. These ''plug-in'' hybrids (PHEVs) will affect utility operations, adding additional electricity demand. Because many individual vehicles may be charged in the extended overnight period, and because the cost of wireless communication has decreased, there is a unique opportunity for utilities to directly control the charging of these vehicles at the precise times when normal electricity demand is at a minimum. This report evaluates the effects of optimal PHEV charging, under the assumption that utilities will indirectly or directly control when charging takes place, providing consumers with the absolute lowest cost of driving energy. By using low-cost off-peak electricity, PHEVs owners could purchase the drive energy equivalent to a gallon of gasoline for under 75 cents, assuming current national average residential electricity prices.},
doi = {10.2172/888683},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/888683}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2006},
month = {10}
}