skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Science and Technology Review April 2006

Abstract

This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Bridging the Gap between Scientific Discovery and Solutions to National Needs--Commentary by Steven R. Patterson; (2) Measuring Contact Stress inside Weapon Systems--New stress sensors allow researchers to measure loads inside weapon systems for the first time; (3) Transparent Ceramics Spark Laser Advances--A team of Livermore researchers is acquiring advanced transparent ceramics that can handle the high heat loads and optical requirements needed for high-power lasers; (4) Studying the Behavior of Crystal Deformation in Three Dimensions--Three-dimensional image correlation gives materials scientists a more accurate understanding of the behavior of single crystals; and (5) An Accelerated Collaboration Meets with Beaming Success--A Livermore/Los Alamos collaboration tested key components for the Los Alamos DARHT Facility--an accelerator for producing intense x rays for flash radiography.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
884764
Report Number(s):
UCRL-TR-52000-06-4
TRN: US0603680
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; 42 ENGINEERING; ACCELERATORS; CERAMICS; DEFORMATION; LASERS; MONOCRYSTALS; WEAPONS

Citation Formats

Aufderheide, M. Science and Technology Review April 2006. United States: N. p., 2006. Web. doi:10.2172/884764.
Aufderheide, M. Science and Technology Review April 2006. United States. doi:10.2172/884764.
Aufderheide, M. Mon . "Science and Technology Review April 2006". United States. doi:10.2172/884764. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/884764.
@article{osti_884764,
title = {Science and Technology Review April 2006},
author = {Aufderheide, M},
abstractNote = {This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Bridging the Gap between Scientific Discovery and Solutions to National Needs--Commentary by Steven R. Patterson; (2) Measuring Contact Stress inside Weapon Systems--New stress sensors allow researchers to measure loads inside weapon systems for the first time; (3) Transparent Ceramics Spark Laser Advances--A team of Livermore researchers is acquiring advanced transparent ceramics that can handle the high heat loads and optical requirements needed for high-power lasers; (4) Studying the Behavior of Crystal Deformation in Three Dimensions--Three-dimensional image correlation gives materials scientists a more accurate understanding of the behavior of single crystals; and (5) An Accelerated Collaboration Meets with Beaming Success--A Livermore/Los Alamos collaboration tested key components for the Los Alamos DARHT Facility--an accelerator for producing intense x rays for flash radiography.},
doi = {10.2172/884764},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Feb 27 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Mon Feb 27 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Our Monthly Progress Report--Commentary by Cherry A. Murray; (2) Mimicking Nature's Crystalline Structures--Advanced microscopy and molecular modeling are providing insight on how crystals grow; (3) Simulating Materials for Nanostructural Designs--Models of water interacting with materials at the nanoscale show important property changes that will influence the design of nanodevices; (4) Zeroing In on New Targets--Livermore engineers and machinists craft tiny laser targets to specifications unattainable elsewhere; (5) Monitoring Nuclear Reactors with Antineutrinos--A new detector promises to ease the tracking of how much plutonium is being formed in the heart of a workingmore » nuclear reactor.« less
  • This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Without Fanfare, Technicians Safely Keep the Laboratory Humming--Commentary by Bruce T. Goodwin; (2) These People Make Things Happen--Technicians at Lawrence Livermore, comprising more than 20 percent of the workforce, are essential to research efforts. March 2006; (3) The Shocking Truth about Detonations and Metals--The multichannel x-ray system Hydra records the changes in metals undergoing a high-explosives shock, revealing phenomena not predicted by material models; (4) Floating into Thin Air--High-flying balloon gathers images from x-ray sources that are out of this world; and (5) Carbon Goes Full Cycle in the Amazon--Recent measurements indicatemore » that the Amazon River basin returns carbon to the atmosphere in only 5 years.« less
  • This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Science and Technology Help the Nation Counter Terrorism--Commentary by Raymond J. Juzaitis; (2) Imagers Provide Eyes to See Gamma Rays--Gamma-ray imagers provide increased radiation detection capabilities and enhance the nation's arsenal for homeland security; (3) Protecting the Nation's Livestock--Foot-and-mouth disease could devastate America's livestock; a new assay provides a rapid means to detect it; (4) Measures for Measures--Laboratory physicists combine emissivity and reflectivity to achieve highly accurate temperature measurements of metal foils; and (5) Looping through the Lamb Shift--Livermore scientists measured a small perturbation in the spectra of highly ionized uranium--the firstmore » measurement of the two-loop Lamb shift in a bound state.« less
  • This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Maintaining Excellence through Intellectual Vitality--Commentary by Cherry A. Murray; (2) Next-Generation Scientists and Engineers Tap Lab's Resources--University of California Ph.D. candidates work with Livermore scientists and engineers to conduct fundamental research as part of their theses; (3) Adaptive Optics Provide a Clearer View--The Center for Adaptive Optics is sharpening the view of celestial objects and retinal cells; (4) Wired on the Nanoscale--A Lawrence Fellow at Livermore is using genetically engineered viruses to create nanostructures such as tiny gold wires; and (5) Too Hot to Handle--Livermore scientists couple carbon-cycle and climate models tomore » predict the global effects of depleting Earth's fossil-fuel supply.« less
  • This month's issue has the following articles: (1) Experiments at the Scale of Simulations--Commentary by Tomas Diaz de la Rubia; (2) A New Realm of Materials Science--Livermore scientists are combining experiment, theory, and simulation to study the response of solids to extreme dynamic stresses at nanometer and subnanosecond scales; (3) Planets and Stars under the Magnifying Glass--An international collaboration involving Laboratory scientists has discovered a planet made of rock or ice orbiting a dim star outside our solar system; and (4) Keeping an Eye on the Prize--A Livermore-IBM team uses a new code and the world's fastest computer to setmore » a performance record for a science application.« less