skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Evaluation Of The Biotic Ligand Model For Predicting Metal Bioavailability and Toxicity In SRS Effluents And Surface Waters

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SRS
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
882710
Report Number(s):
WSRC-TR-2005-00377
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC09-96SR1850
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

SPECHT, WINONA. Evaluation Of The Biotic Ligand Model For Predicting Metal Bioavailability and Toxicity In SRS Effluents And Surface Waters. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.2172/882710.
SPECHT, WINONA. Evaluation Of The Biotic Ligand Model For Predicting Metal Bioavailability and Toxicity In SRS Effluents And Surface Waters. United States. doi:10.2172/882710.
SPECHT, WINONA. Fri . "Evaluation Of The Biotic Ligand Model For Predicting Metal Bioavailability and Toxicity In SRS Effluents And Surface Waters". United States. doi:10.2172/882710. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/882710.
@article{osti_882710,
title = {Evaluation Of The Biotic Ligand Model For Predicting Metal Bioavailability and Toxicity In SRS Effluents And Surface Waters},
author = {SPECHT, WINONA},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.2172/882710},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Dec 30 00:00:00 EST 2005},
month = {Fri Dec 30 00:00:00 EST 2005}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • The objectives of this research project are three-fold: To obtain data on the behavior of potentially toxic substances introduced into surface waters from nuclear power plants; To determine the impact magnitude of these substances on representative and economically important aquatic species; and To develop models with which to predict the partitioning of these substances among the abiotic aquatic compartments. Results are reported from investigations of copper partitioning in seawater, evaluating the toxicity of copper in representative marine organisms, and development of a mathematical model to predict copper partitioning.
  • In order to limit the discharge of toxic materials in toxic amounts to the waterways of the United States, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed a 7-day survival and reproduction toxicity bioassay test using the freshwater cladoceran, Ceriodaphnia dubia. The North Carolina Division of Environmental Management has developed a less expensive modification of this test called the NC Ceriodaphnia Mini-Chronic Pass/Fail Toxicity Test. These tests are used to monitor discharges from wastewater treatment plants. Failure to satisfy the requirements (evidence of either acute or chronic toxicity) of the discharge permit constitutes an effluent violation. Effluent violations requiremore » that studies be conducted to determine the means to eliminate the violation. The present investigation had three basic objectives: (1) to develop and test a toxicity test-based method for locating the sources of toxic materials discharged into a collection system; (2) to investigate the effect of culture/dilution water on the health of C. dubia and reproducibility of the NC Ceriodaphnia Mini-Chronic Pass/Fail Toxicity Test; and (3) to investigate the effect of 3 diets on the health and robustness of C. dubia.« less
  • This manual describes short-term (four- to seven-day) methods for estimating the chronic toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas), a cladoceran (Ceriodaphnia dubia), and a green alga (Selenastrum capricornutum). Also included are guidelines on laboratory safety, quality assurance, facilities and equipment, dilution water, effluent sampling and holding, data analysis, report preparation, and organism culturing and handling. Examples of the statistical analysis of test data are included with the methods. Supplementary information on statistical techniques for test design and analysis of toxicity test data is provided in the Appendices.
  • The manual describes methods for measuring the acute toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to freshwater, estuarine, and marine macroinvertebrates and fish. The methods include single and multiple concentration static nonrenewal, static-renewal, and flow-through toxicity tests for effluents and receiving waters. Also included are guidelines on laboratory safety; quality assurance; facilities and equipment; test species selection and handling; dilution water; effluent and receiving water sample collection, preservation, shipping, and holding; test conditions; toxicity test data analysis; report preparation; and organism culturing.
  • This manual describes six short-term (forty minutes to seven days) estuarine and marine methods for measuring the chronic toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to eight species. The methods include single and multiple concentration static renewal and static nonrenewal toxicity tests from effluents and receiving waters. Also included are guidelines on laboratory safety, quality assurance facilities, and equipment and supplies; dilution water; effluent and receiving water sample collection, preservation, shipping, and holding; test conditions; toxicity test data analysis; report preparation; and organism culturing, holding, and handling.