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Title: More with Less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SRS
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
882693
Report Number(s):
WSRC-MS-2006-00035
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC09-96SR1850
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: unknown
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

MCCOLLUM, LARRY. More with Less. United States: N. p., 2006. Web.
MCCOLLUM, LARRY. More with Less. United States.
MCCOLLUM, LARRY. Tue . "More with Less". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/882693.
@article{osti_882693,
title = {More with Less},
author = {MCCOLLUM, LARRY},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 17 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Tue Jan 17 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

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  • Plant management is being forced by economic pressures in the refining and petrochemical industries and worldwide competition to do more with less. This paper discusses this dilemma and how effective management approaches can make a difference. The focus is on specific improvement approaches, or tools, such as maintenance surveys, computerized maintenance management information systems and productivity improvement programs, that can be used to support an effective transition to a leaner more productive maintenance organization.
  • In the southern part of the Netherlands, environmental air pollution is relatively high compared with the northern regions: 98th percentile SO{sub 2} concentrations in 1986 were 160 {mu}g/m{sup 3} in the south and 100 {mu}g/m{sup 3} in the north. There are only minor differences of NO{sub x} levels between the south and the north: 80 {mu}g/m{sup 3} vs. 70-75 {mu}g/m{sup 3} (98th percentile), respectively. Our aim was to investigate whether the geographical variations in air pollution, mainly due to SO{sub 2} levels, correspond with an increased prevalence in respiratory symptoms among primary school children. To assess these symptoms, a validatedmore » written questionnaire was used. We compared children who lived in two villages in the polluted southern region. One village (MH) is located near a chemical industry zone with an annual emission of 600 tons SO{sub 2}. The other village (E) is in an area with considerably lower SO{sub 2} emissions by local sources (8 tons/y). Almost 800 questionnaires were returned from a random sample of these children. After correction for information bias and multiple regression analyses to eliminate confounding factors, we found no statistically significant difference. However, a remarkable consistent elevation of 30% for almost all respiratory symptoms was observed in MH as compared to E. We compared the prevalence of respiratory symptoms in children in the southern and northern regions. In the southern region we found a consistent, statistically significant increase. We concluded that the regional differences in SO{sub 2} pollution are reflected in differences in respiratory symptoms in children.« less
  • Maximizing the production of a concentrated, homogeneous wood supply virtually dictates intensively managed plantations. This management system implies: (1) improving the composite genotype of plantation trees; (2) optimizing their morphological and physiological condition prior to and at planting time; (3) improving the physiological environment of the crop at all stages of development; (4) protecting the plantation from pests and catastrophic events; and (5) modifying the shapes, dimensions, and qualities of crop trees to enhance the utility and value of harvested timber. Beneficiation of forest residuals for fiber and fuel is pushing forest industry relentlessly toward total stand utilization. Relative tomore » the productivity of undisturbed or partially logged humid tropical forests, plantation growth rates represent four-fold to ten-fold increases in volume production. Displacement of some proportion of shifting agriculture and natural forest management systems by intensively managed plantations is desirable and biologically feasible. A key to successful tropical forest management and preservation is population stability, a condition toward which integrated wood conversion facilities supplied by a reliable plantation system can make a major contribution. There are some pressing and many esoteric reasons for conserving forest resources but pressures for utilizing and renewing these resources are immediate and unavoidable.« less
  • The more-for-less phenomena in the distribution model and its relation to degeneracy and market decomposition will be reexamined. Ways and means to exploit the opportunities the paradox reveals will be shown. Observation of the paradox in other general situations will be given together with their economic interpretations. Finally the question whether the paradox is an ill-formulation or not will be addressed.
  • The RD24 Collaboration at CERN investigates the use of the Scalable Coherent Interface (SCI) for DAQ Systems at the LHC. They present the status of the hardware and software, simulations, switches and their use for event building and a pilot project for early SCI applications.