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Title: COMPARISON OF EXPERIMENTAL TO THEORETICAL STRAINS DURING WATER HAMMER

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SRS
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
882679
Report Number(s):
PVP2006-ICPVT11-93522
DOE Contract Number:
DE-AC09-96SR1850
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: unknown
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

LEISHEAR, ROBERT. COMPARISON OF EXPERIMENTAL TO THEORETICAL STRAINS DURING WATER HAMMER. United States: N. p., 2006. Web.
LEISHEAR, ROBERT. COMPARISON OF EXPERIMENTAL TO THEORETICAL STRAINS DURING WATER HAMMER. United States.
LEISHEAR, ROBERT. Mon . "COMPARISON OF EXPERIMENTAL TO THEORETICAL STRAINS DURING WATER HAMMER". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/882679.
@article{osti_882679,
title = {COMPARISON OF EXPERIMENTAL TO THEORETICAL STRAINS DURING WATER HAMMER},
author = {LEISHEAR, ROBERT},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Mar 13 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Mon Mar 13 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}

Conference:
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  • Water-hammer might occur in the cold leg of pressurized water reactors (PWR) during small break loss-of-coolant accidents (SBLOCA's), when cold emergency core cooling system (ECCS) water is injected into a pipe that may be partially filled with saturated steam. The water may mix with the steam and cause it to condense abruptly. Depending on the flow regime present, slugs of liquid may then be accelerated towards each other or against the piping structure. The possibility of this phenomenon is of concern to us because it may become a dominant phenomenon and change the character of the transient. In performing themore » code scaling, applicability, and uncertainty study (CSAU) on a SBLOCA scenario, we had to examine the possibility that the transient being analyzed could experience water-hammer and thus depart from the scope of the study. Two criteria for water-hammer initiation were investigated and tested using a RELAP5/MOD3 simulation of the transient. Our results indicated a very low likelihood of occurrence of the phenomenon. 8 refs., 6 figs.« less
  • Water-hammer might occur in the cold leg of pressurized water reactors (PWR) during small break loss-of-coolant accidents (SBLOCA`s), when cold emergency core cooling system (ECCS) water is injected into a pipe that may be partially filled with saturated steam. The water may mix with the steam and cause it to condense abruptly. Depending on the flow regime present, slugs of liquid may then be accelerated towards each other or against the piping structure. The possibility of this phenomenon is of concern to us because it may become a dominant phenomenon and change the character of the transient. In performing themore » code scaling, applicability, and uncertainty study (CSAU) on a SBLOCA scenario, we had to examine the possibility that the transient being analyzed could experience water-hammer and thus depart from the scope of the study. Two criteria for water-hammer initiation were investigated and tested using a RELAP5/MOD3 simulation of the transient. Our results indicated a very low likelihood of occurrence of the phenomenon. 8 refs., 6 figs.« less
  • Hypertension accompanies chronic exposure of SD rats to cold (5-6C), including elevation of systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressures and cardiac hypertrophy. The renin-angiotensin system may play an important role. Earlier studies suggested that the LE strain may have a decrease in angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) activity. Measurement of ACE activity in plasmas of SE and LE strains revealed that basal activity of ACE in the plasma of the LE strain was significantly less than that of the SD strain. A second study was carried out in which both strains were exposed to cold for 7 weeks. There weremore » clear differences between strains. Rats of the SD strain had a significant elevation in their blood pressure; a significantly increased urinary output of norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E); and significant increases in weights of heart, kidneys, adrenals, and brown adipose tissue (IBAT) compared to their controls maintained at 26C. In contrast, rats of the LE strain were less responsive to cold in that blood pressure failed to rise as sharply and to attain as high a level; NE and E outputs, as well as weights of heart and IBAT were significantly less than those of rats of the cold-treated SD strain. Thus, the lower ACE activity in plasma of LE strain, as well as a reduced secretion of catecholamines, may protect these rats against the rise of blood pressure characteristically observed when rats of the SD strain are exposed to cold.« less
  • This paper reports the theoretical assessment of cracking which may occur when a severe cycle comprising alternate upshocks and downshocks is applied to an axisymmetric feature with an internal, partial penetration weld and crevice. The experimental observations of cracking are reported separately. A good agreement was noted even though extensive cycle plasticity occurred at the location of cracking. It is concluded that the LEFM solution has correlated with the experiment mainly because of the axisymmetric geometry which allows a large hydrostatic stress to exist at the internal weld crevice end. Thus the stress at the crevice can approach the singularmore » solution required for LEFM correlations without contributing to yielding.« less