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Title: Composite Cathode for High-Power Density Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Abstract

Reduction of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) operating temperature will play a key role in reducing the stack cost by allowing the use of low-cost metallic interconnects and new approaches to sealing, while making applications such as transportation more feasible. Reported results for anode-supported SOFCs show that cathode polarization resistance is the primary barrier to achieving high power densities at operating temperatures of 700 C and lower. This project aims to identify and develop composite cathodes that could reduce SOFC operating temperatures below 700 C. This effort focuses on study and use of (La,Sr)(Co,Fe)O{sub 3} (LSCF) based composite cathodes, which have arguably the best potential to substantially improve on the currently-used, (La,Sr)MnO{sub 3}-Yttria-stabilized Zirconia. During this Phase I, it was successfully demonstrated that high performances can be achieved with LSCF/Gadolinium-Doped Ceria composite cathodes on Ni-based anode supported cells operating at 700 C or lower. We studied electrochemical reactions at LSCF/Yttria-stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) interfaces, and observed chemical reactions between LSCF and YSZ. By using ceria electrolytes or YSZ electrolytes with ceria diffusion barrier layers, the chemical reactions between LSCF and electrolytes were prevented under cathode firing conditions necessary for the optimal adhesion of the cathodes. The protection provided by ceria layermore » is expected to be adequate for stable long-term cathode performances, but more testing is needed to verify this. Using ceria-based barrier layers, high performance Ni-YSZ anode supported cells have been demonstrated with maximum power densities of 0.8W/cm2 at 700 C and 1.6W/cm{sup 2} at 800 C. Ni-SDC anode supported cells with SDC electrolytes yielded >1W/cm{sup 2} at 600 C. We speculate that the power output of Ni-YSZ anode supported cell at 700 C and lower, was limited by the quality of the Ceria and Ceria YSZ interface. Improvements in the low-temperature performances are expected based on further development of barrier layer fabrication processes and optimization of cathode microstructure.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Functional Coating Technology, LLC
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
882534
DOE Contract Number:  
FC26-02NT41570
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; ADHESION; ANODES; CATHODES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; DIFFUSION BARRIERS; ELECTROLYTES; FABRICATION; MICROSTRUCTURE; OPTIMIZATION; PERFORMANCE; POLARIZATION; SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS; TESTING

Citation Formats

Kim, Ilwon, Barnett, Scott, Jiang, Yi, Pillai, Manoj, McDonald, Nikkia, Gostovic, Dan, Zhan, Zhongryang, and Liu, Jiang. Composite Cathode for High-Power Density Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. United States: N. p., 2004. Web. doi:10.2172/882534.
Kim, Ilwon, Barnett, Scott, Jiang, Yi, Pillai, Manoj, McDonald, Nikkia, Gostovic, Dan, Zhan, Zhongryang, & Liu, Jiang. Composite Cathode for High-Power Density Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. United States. doi:10.2172/882534.
Kim, Ilwon, Barnett, Scott, Jiang, Yi, Pillai, Manoj, McDonald, Nikkia, Gostovic, Dan, Zhan, Zhongryang, and Liu, Jiang. Sat . "Composite Cathode for High-Power Density Solid Oxide Fuel Cells". United States. doi:10.2172/882534. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/882534.
@article{osti_882534,
title = {Composite Cathode for High-Power Density Solid Oxide Fuel Cells},
author = {Kim, Ilwon and Barnett, Scott and Jiang, Yi and Pillai, Manoj and McDonald, Nikkia and Gostovic, Dan and Zhan, Zhongryang and Liu, Jiang},
abstractNote = {Reduction of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) operating temperature will play a key role in reducing the stack cost by allowing the use of low-cost metallic interconnects and new approaches to sealing, while making applications such as transportation more feasible. Reported results for anode-supported SOFCs show that cathode polarization resistance is the primary barrier to achieving high power densities at operating temperatures of 700 C and lower. This project aims to identify and develop composite cathodes that could reduce SOFC operating temperatures below 700 C. This effort focuses on study and use of (La,Sr)(Co,Fe)O{sub 3} (LSCF) based composite cathodes, which have arguably the best potential to substantially improve on the currently-used, (La,Sr)MnO{sub 3}-Yttria-stabilized Zirconia. During this Phase I, it was successfully demonstrated that high performances can be achieved with LSCF/Gadolinium-Doped Ceria composite cathodes on Ni-based anode supported cells operating at 700 C or lower. We studied electrochemical reactions at LSCF/Yttria-stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) interfaces, and observed chemical reactions between LSCF and YSZ. By using ceria electrolytes or YSZ electrolytes with ceria diffusion barrier layers, the chemical reactions between LSCF and electrolytes were prevented under cathode firing conditions necessary for the optimal adhesion of the cathodes. The protection provided by ceria layer is expected to be adequate for stable long-term cathode performances, but more testing is needed to verify this. Using ceria-based barrier layers, high performance Ni-YSZ anode supported cells have been demonstrated with maximum power densities of 0.8W/cm2 at 700 C and 1.6W/cm{sup 2} at 800 C. Ni-SDC anode supported cells with SDC electrolytes yielded >1W/cm{sup 2} at 600 C. We speculate that the power output of Ni-YSZ anode supported cell at 700 C and lower, was limited by the quality of the Ceria and Ceria YSZ interface. Improvements in the low-temperature performances are expected based on further development of barrier layer fabrication processes and optimization of cathode microstructure.},
doi = {10.2172/882534},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2004},
month = {1}
}