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Title: Rotor apparatus for high strength undiffused brushless electric machine

Abstract

A radial gap brushless electric machine (30) having a stator (31) and a rotor (32) and a main air gap (34) also has at least one stationary excitation coil (35a, 36a) separated from the rotor (32) by a secondary air gap (35e, 35f, 36e, 36f) so as to induce a secondary flux in the rotor (32) which controls a resultant flux in the main air gap (34). Permanent magnetic (PM) material (38) is disposed in spaces between the rotor pole portions (39) to inhibit the second flux from leaking from the pole portions (39) prior to reaching the main air gap (34). By selecting the direction of current in the stationary excitation coil (35a, 36a) both flux enhancement and flux weakening are provided for the main air gap (34). Improvements of a laminated rotor, an end pole structure, and an arrangement of the PM elements for providing an arrangement of the flux paths from the auxiliary field coil assemblies are also disclosed.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. Oak Ridge, TN
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
880466
Patent Number(s):
6,989,619
Application Number:
10/848450
Assignee:
UT-Battelle LLC (Oak Ridge, TN) ORO
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Hsu, John S. Rotor apparatus for high strength undiffused brushless electric machine. United States: N. p., 2006. Web.
Hsu, John S. Rotor apparatus for high strength undiffused brushless electric machine. United States.
Hsu, John S. Tue . "Rotor apparatus for high strength undiffused brushless electric machine". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/880466.
@article{osti_880466,
title = {Rotor apparatus for high strength undiffused brushless electric machine},
author = {Hsu, John S},
abstractNote = {A radial gap brushless electric machine (30) having a stator (31) and a rotor (32) and a main air gap (34) also has at least one stationary excitation coil (35a, 36a) separated from the rotor (32) by a secondary air gap (35e, 35f, 36e, 36f) so as to induce a secondary flux in the rotor (32) which controls a resultant flux in the main air gap (34). Permanent magnetic (PM) material (38) is disposed in spaces between the rotor pole portions (39) to inhibit the second flux from leaking from the pole portions (39) prior to reaching the main air gap (34). By selecting the direction of current in the stationary excitation coil (35a, 36a) both flux enhancement and flux weakening are provided for the main air gap (34). Improvements of a laminated rotor, an end pole structure, and an arrangement of the PM elements for providing an arrangement of the flux paths from the auxiliary field coil assemblies are also disclosed.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 24 00:00:00 EST 2006},
month = {Tue Jan 24 00:00:00 EST 2006}
}

Patent:

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  • A method and apparatus in which a rotor (11) and a stator (17) define a radial air gap (20) for receiving AC flux and at least one, and preferably two, DC excitation assemblies (23, 24) are positioned at opposite ends of the rotor (20) to define secondary air gaps (21, 22). Portions of PM material (14a, 14b) are provided as boundaries separating the rotor pole portions (12a, 12b) of opposite polarity from other portions of the rotor (11) and from each other to define PM poles (12a, 12b) for conveying the DC flux to or from the primary air gapmore » (20) and for inhibiting flux from leaking from the pole portions prior to reaching the primary air gap (20). The portions of PM material (14a, 14b) are spaced from each other so as to include reluctance poles (15) of ferromagnetic material between the PM poles (12a, 12b) to interact with the AC flux in the primary-air gap (20).« less
  • A method and apparatus in which a rotor (11) and a stator (17) define a radial air gap (20) for receiving AC flux and at least one DC excitation coil (23, 24) positioned near the stator end turn to produce DC flux in axial air gaps (21, 22) additive to the AC flux. Side magnets (16) and flux-guiding magnets (14) are provided as boundaries separating the side poles (12a, 12b) of opposite polarity from other portions of the rotor (11) and from each other to define PM poles (12a, 12b) for conveying the DC flux to or from the primarymore » air gap (20) and for inhibiting flux from leaking from said pole portions prior to reaching the primary air gap (20). Side magnets (16), side poles (12a and 12b), flux-guiding magnets (14), ferromagnetic end plates (11c), non-magnetic end plates (12c), and ring bands (37) are optionally provided for performance improvement.« less
  • A brushless electric machine (30) having a stator (31) and a rotor (32) and a main air gap (34), the rotor (32) having pairs of rotor pole portions (22b, 22c, 32f, 32l) disposed at least partly around the axis of rotation (32p) and facing the main air gap (24b, 24c, 34), at least one stationary winding (20b, 20c, 33b) separated from the rotor (22b, 22c, 32) by a secondary air gap (23b, 23c, 35) so as to induce a rotor-side flux in the rotor (22b, 22c, 32) which controls a resultant flux in the main air gap (24b, 24c, 34).more » PM material (27b, 27c) is disposed in spaces between the rotor pole portions (22b, 22c, 32f, 32l) to inhibit the rotor-side flux from leaking from said pole portions (22b, 22c, 32f, 32l) prior to reaching the main air gap (24b, 24c, 34). By selecting the direction of current in the stationary winding (20b, 20c, 33b) both flux enhancement and flux weakening are provided for the main air gap (24b, 24c, 34). The stationary windings (31a, 33b) which are used for both primary and secondary excitation allow for easier adaptation to cooling systems as described. A method of non-diffused flux enhancement and flux weakening is also disclosed.« less
  • A radial gap brushless electric machine (30) having a stator (31) and a rotor (32) and a main air gap (34) also has at least one stationary excitation coil (35a, 36a) separated from the rotor (32) by a secondary air gap (35e, 35f, 36e, 36f) so as to induce a secondary flux in the rotor (32) which controls a resultant flux in the main air gap (34). Permanent magnetic (PM) material (38) is disposed in spaces between the rotor pole portions (39) to inhibit the second flux from leaking from the pole portions (39) prior to reaching the main airmore » gap (34). By selecting the direction of current in the stationary excitation coil (35a, 36a) both flux enhancement and flux weakening are provided for the main air gap (34). A method of non-diffused flux enhancement and flux weakening for a radial gap machine is also disclosed.« less
  • This paper introduces a new high-strength undiffused brushless machine that transfers the stationary excitation magnetomotive force to the rotor without any brushes. For a conventional permanent magnet (PM) machine, the air gap flux density cannot be enhanced effectively but can be weakened. In the new machine, both the stationary excitation coil and the PM in the rotor produce an enhanced air gap flux. The PM in the rotor prevents magnetic flux diffusion between the poles and guides the reluctance flux path. The pole flux density in the air gap can be much higher than what the PM alone can produce.more » A high-strength machine is thus obtained. The air gap flux density can be weakened through the stationary excitation winding. This type of machine is particularly suitable for electric and hybrid-electric vehicle applications. Patents of this new technology are either granted or pending.« less