skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Detection of Laser Optic Defects Using Gradient Direction Matching

Abstract

That National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) will be the world's largest and most energetic laser. It has thousands of optics and depends heavily on the quality and performance of these optics. Over the past several years, we have developed the NIF Optics Inspection Analysis System that automatically finds defects in a specific optic by analyzing images taken of that optic. This paper describes a new and complementary approach for the automatic detection of defects based on detecting the diffraction ring patterns in downstream optic images caused by defects in upstream optics. Our approach applies a robust pattern matching algorithm for images called Gradient Direction Matching (GDM). GDM compares the gradient directions (the direction of flow from dark to light) of pixels in a test image to those of a specified model and identifies regions in the test image whose gradient directions are most in line with those of the specified model. For finding rings, we use luminance disk models whose pixels have gradient directions all pointing toward the center of the disk. After GDM identifies potential rings locations, we rank these rings by how well they fit the theoretical diffraction ring pattern equation. We performmore » false alarm mitigation by throwing out rings of low fit. A byproduct of this fitting procedure is an estimate of the size of the defect and its distance from the image plane. We demonstrate the potential effectiveness of this approach by showing examples of rings detected in real images of NIF optics.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
877810
Report Number(s):
UCRL-CONF-217796
TRN: US0601698
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at: Photonics West 2006, San Jose, CA, United States, Jan 21 - Jan 26, 2006
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ALGORITHMS; DEFECTS; DETECTION; DIFFRACTION; LASERS; LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY; MITIGATION; OPTICS; PERFORMANCE; US NATIONAL IGNITION FACILITY

Citation Formats

Chen, B Y, Kegelmeyer, L M, Liebman, J A, Salmon, J T, Tzeng, J, and Paglieroni, D W. Detection of Laser Optic Defects Using Gradient Direction Matching. United States: N. p., 2005. Web.
Chen, B Y, Kegelmeyer, L M, Liebman, J A, Salmon, J T, Tzeng, J, & Paglieroni, D W. Detection of Laser Optic Defects Using Gradient Direction Matching. United States.
Chen, B Y, Kegelmeyer, L M, Liebman, J A, Salmon, J T, Tzeng, J, and Paglieroni, D W. Wed . "Detection of Laser Optic Defects Using Gradient Direction Matching". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/877810.
@article{osti_877810,
title = {Detection of Laser Optic Defects Using Gradient Direction Matching},
author = {Chen, B Y and Kegelmeyer, L M and Liebman, J A and Salmon, J T and Tzeng, J and Paglieroni, D W},
abstractNote = {That National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) will be the world's largest and most energetic laser. It has thousands of optics and depends heavily on the quality and performance of these optics. Over the past several years, we have developed the NIF Optics Inspection Analysis System that automatically finds defects in a specific optic by analyzing images taken of that optic. This paper describes a new and complementary approach for the automatic detection of defects based on detecting the diffraction ring patterns in downstream optic images caused by defects in upstream optics. Our approach applies a robust pattern matching algorithm for images called Gradient Direction Matching (GDM). GDM compares the gradient directions (the direction of flow from dark to light) of pixels in a test image to those of a specified model and identifies regions in the test image whose gradient directions are most in line with those of the specified model. For finding rings, we use luminance disk models whose pixels have gradient directions all pointing toward the center of the disk. After GDM identifies potential rings locations, we rank these rings by how well they fit the theoretical diffraction ring pattern equation. We perform false alarm mitigation by throwing out rings of low fit. A byproduct of this fitting procedure is an estimate of the size of the defect and its distance from the image plane. We demonstrate the potential effectiveness of this approach by showing examples of rings detected in real images of NIF optics.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Dec 14 00:00:00 EST 2005},
month = {Wed Dec 14 00:00:00 EST 2005}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share: