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Title: In-Situ Containment and Extraction of Volatile Soil Contaminants

Abstract

The invention relates to a novel approach to containing and removing toxic waste from a subsurface environment. More specifically the present invention relates to a system for containing and removing volatile toxic chemicals from a subsurface environment using differences in surface and subsurface pressures. The present embodiment generally comprises a deep well, a horizontal tube, at least one injection well, at least one extraction well and a means for containing the waste within the waste zone (in-situ barrier). During operation the deep well air at the bottom of well (which is at a high pressure relative to the land surface as well as relative to the air in the contaminated soil) flows upward through the deep well (or deep well tube). This stream of deep well air is directed into the horizontal tube, down through the injection tube(s) (injection well(s)) and into the contaminate plume where it enhances volatization and/or removal of the contaminants.

Inventors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Office of Scientific and Technical Information, Oak Ridge, TN
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
875785
Patent Number(s):
PATENTS-US-A6979150
Application Number:
10/670,259; DOE Case S-98,065; TRN: US200614%%591
Assignee:
DOEGC
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AIR; CONTAINMENT; INJECTION WELLS; INVENTIONS; PLUMES; REMOVAL; SOILS; WASTES

Citation Formats

Varvel, Mark Darrell. In-Situ Containment and Extraction of Volatile Soil Contaminants. United States: N. p., 2005. Web.
Varvel, Mark Darrell. In-Situ Containment and Extraction of Volatile Soil Contaminants. United States.
Varvel, Mark Darrell. Tue . "In-Situ Containment and Extraction of Volatile Soil Contaminants". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/875785.
@article{osti_875785,
title = {In-Situ Containment and Extraction of Volatile Soil Contaminants},
author = {Varvel, Mark Darrell},
abstractNote = {The invention relates to a novel approach to containing and removing toxic waste from a subsurface environment. More specifically the present invention relates to a system for containing and removing volatile toxic chemicals from a subsurface environment using differences in surface and subsurface pressures. The present embodiment generally comprises a deep well, a horizontal tube, at least one injection well, at least one extraction well and a means for containing the waste within the waste zone (in-situ barrier). During operation the deep well air at the bottom of well (which is at a high pressure relative to the land surface as well as relative to the air in the contaminated soil) flows upward through the deep well (or deep well tube). This stream of deep well air is directed into the horizontal tube, down through the injection tube(s) (injection well(s)) and into the contaminate plume where it enhances volatization and/or removal of the contaminants.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Dec 27 00:00:00 EST 2005},
month = {Tue Dec 27 00:00:00 EST 2005}
}

Patent:

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  • The invention relates to a novel approach to containing and removing toxic waste from a subsurface environment. More specifically the present invention relates to a system for containing and removing volatile toxic chemicals from a subsurface environment using differences in surface and subsurface pressures. The present embodiment generally comprises a deep well, a horizontal tube, at least one injection well, at least one extraction well and a means for containing the waste within the waste zone (in-situ barrier). During operation the deep well air at the bottom of well (which is at a high pressure relative to the land surfacemore » as well as relative to the air in the contaminated soil) flows upward through the deep well (or deep well tube). This stream of deep well air is directed into the horizontal tube, down through the injection tube(s) (injection well(s)) and into the contaminate plume where it enhances volatization and/or removal of the contaminants.« less
  • An inverse analysis method for characterizing diffusion of vapor from an underground source of volatile contaminant using data taken by an in-situ sensor. The method uses one-dimensional solutions to the diffusion equation in Cartesian, cylindrical, or spherical coordinates for isotropic and homogenous media. If the effective vapor diffusion coefficient is known, then the distance from the source to the in-situ sensor can be estimated by comparing the shape of the predicted time-dependent vapor concentration response curve to the measured response curve. Alternatively, if the source distance is known, then the effective vapor diffusion coefficient can be estimated using the samemore » inverse analysis method. A triangulation technique can be used with multiple sensors to locate the source in two or three dimensions. The in-situ sensor can contain one or more chemiresistor elements housed in a waterproof enclosure with a gas permeable membrane.« less
  • An electrokinetic electrode assembly is described for use in extraction of soil contaminants from unsaturated soil in situ. The assembly includes a housing for retaining a liquid comprising an electrolyte solution, pure water, and soil water, the housing being in part of porous material capable of holding a vacuum. An electrode is mounted in the housing. The housing is provided with a vacuum orifice for effecting a vacuum within the housing selectively to control flow of soil water through the housing into the chamber and to control outflow of the liquid from the chamber. The assembly further includes conduit meansmore » for removing the liquid from the housing and returning the electrolyte solution to the housing, and a conduit for admitting pure water to the housing. An electrode system and method are also revealed for extraction of soil contaminants. The system and method utilize at least two electrode assemblies as described above. 5 figs.« less
  • There is presented an electrokinetic electrode assembly for use in extraction of soil contaminants from unsaturated soil in situ. The assembly includes a housing for retaining a liquid comprising an electrolyte solution, pure water, and soil water, the housing being in part of porous material capable of holding a vacuum. An electrode is mounted in the housing. The housing is provided with a vacuum orifice for effecting a vacuum within the housing selectively to control flow of soil water through the housing into the chamber and to control outflow of the liquid from the chamber. The assembly further includes conduitmore » means for removing the liquid from the housing and returning the electrolyte solution to the housing, and a conduit for admitting pure water to the housing. There is further presented an electrode system and method for extraction of soil contaminants, the system and method utilizing at least two electrode assemblies as described above.« less
  • This patent describes a process for two phase removal of contaminants from a contaminated area of the ground, wherein the contaminated area has a subsurface water table and a vadose zone above the water table, contaminants being present in the vadose zone and below the water table. It comprises providing a borehole in a selected portion of the contaminated area; placing in the borehole a perforated riser pipe, wherein at least some of the perforations of the riser pipe are disposed below the water table; applying a vacuum to the riser pipe so as to draw soil gases and entrainedmore » liquid into the riser pipe and transport both the gases and the liquid to the surface as a common stream; forming from the common stream a stream which is primarily liquid and a stream which is primarily gaseous; and separately treating the separated liquid and gas streams.« less