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Title: Method and apparatus to measure the depth of skin burns

Abstract

A new device for measuring the depth of surface tissue burns based on the rate at which the skin temperature responds to a sudden differential temperature stimulus. This technique can be performed without physical contact with the burned tissue. In one implementation, time-dependent surface temperature data is taken from subsequent frames of a video signal from an infrared-sensitive video camera. When a thermal transient is created, e.g., by turning off a heat lamp directed at the skin surface, the following time-dependent surface temperature data can be used to determine the skin burn depth. Imaging and non-imaging versions of this device can be implemented, thereby enabling laboratory-quality skin burn depth imagers for hospitals as well as hand-held skin burn depth sensors the size of a small pocket flashlight for field use and triage.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. (Albuquerque, NM)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SANDIA CORP
OSTI Identifier:
874394
Patent Number(s):
US 6381488
Assignee:
Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM) SNL
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
method; apparatus; measure; depth; burns; device; measuring; surface; tissue; based; rate; temperature; responds; sudden; differential; stimulus; technique; performed; physical; contact; burned; implementation; time-dependent; data; subsequent; frames; video; signal; infrared-sensitive; camera; thermal; transient; created; heat; lamp; directed; following; determine; burn; imaging; non-imaging; versions; implemented; enabling; laboratory-quality; imagers; hospitals; hand-held; sensors; size; pocket; flashlight; field; triage; physical contact; /600/

Citation Formats

Dickey, Fred M., and Holswade, Scott C. Method and apparatus to measure the depth of skin burns. United States: N. p., 2002. Web.
Dickey, Fred M., & Holswade, Scott C. Method and apparatus to measure the depth of skin burns. United States.
Dickey, Fred M., and Holswade, Scott C. Tue . "Method and apparatus to measure the depth of skin burns". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/874394.
@article{osti_874394,
title = {Method and apparatus to measure the depth of skin burns},
author = {Dickey, Fred M. and Holswade, Scott C.},
abstractNote = {A new device for measuring the depth of surface tissue burns based on the rate at which the skin temperature responds to a sudden differential temperature stimulus. This technique can be performed without physical contact with the burned tissue. In one implementation, time-dependent surface temperature data is taken from subsequent frames of a video signal from an infrared-sensitive video camera. When a thermal transient is created, e.g., by turning off a heat lamp directed at the skin surface, the following time-dependent surface temperature data can be used to determine the skin burn depth. Imaging and non-imaging versions of this device can be implemented, thereby enabling laboratory-quality skin burn depth imagers for hospitals as well as hand-held skin burn depth sensors the size of a small pocket flashlight for field use and triage.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

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