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Title: Hydrogenation apparatus

Abstract

Hydrogenation reaction apparatus comprising a housing having walls which define a reaction zone and conduits for introducing streams of hydrogen and oxygen into the reaction zone, the oxygen being introduced into a central portion of the hydrogen stream to maintain a boundary layer of hydrogen along the walls of the reaction zone. A portion of the hydrogen and all of the oxygen react to produce a heated gas stream having a temperature within the range of from 1100.degree. to 1900.degree. C., while the boundary layer of hydrogen maintains the wall temperature at a substantially lower temperature. The heated gas stream is introduced into a hydrogenation reaction zone and provides the source of heat and hydrogen for a hydrogenation reaction. There also is provided means for quenching the products of the hydrogenation reaction. The present invention is particularly suitable for the hydrogenation of low-value solid carbonaceous materials to provide high yields of more valuable liquid and gaseous products.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Encino, CA
  2. Canoga Park, CA
  3. Agoura, CA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Rockwell International Corp
OSTI Identifier:
863915
Patent Number(s):
US 4275034
Assignee:
Rockwell International Corporation (El Segundo, CA) ETEC
DOE Contract Number:  
EX-76-C-01-2044
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
hydrogenation; apparatus; reaction; comprising; housing; walls; define; zone; conduits; introducing; streams; hydrogen; oxygen; introduced; central; portion; stream; maintain; boundary; layer; react; produce; heated; gas; temperature; range; 1100; degree; 1900; maintains; wall; substantially; provides; source; heat; provided; means; quenching; products; particularly; suitable; low-value; solid; carbonaceous; materials; provide; yields; valuable; liquid; gaseous; carbonaceous materials; particularly suitable; gas stream; carbonaceous material; reaction zone; solid carbonaceous; gaseous product; central portion; apparatus comprising; gaseous products; boundary layer; solid carbon; valuable liquid; hydrogen stream; wall temperature; hydrogenation reaction; heated gas; reaction apparatus; oxygen react; /422/

Citation Formats

Friedman, Joseph, Oberg, Carl L, and Russell, Larry H. Hydrogenation apparatus. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Friedman, Joseph, Oberg, Carl L, & Russell, Larry H. Hydrogenation apparatus. United States.
Friedman, Joseph, Oberg, Carl L, and Russell, Larry H. Thu . "Hydrogenation apparatus". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/863915.
@article{osti_863915,
title = {Hydrogenation apparatus},
author = {Friedman, Joseph and Oberg, Carl L and Russell, Larry H},
abstractNote = {Hydrogenation reaction apparatus comprising a housing having walls which define a reaction zone and conduits for introducing streams of hydrogen and oxygen into the reaction zone, the oxygen being introduced into a central portion of the hydrogen stream to maintain a boundary layer of hydrogen along the walls of the reaction zone. A portion of the hydrogen and all of the oxygen react to produce a heated gas stream having a temperature within the range of from 1100.degree. to 1900.degree. C., while the boundary layer of hydrogen maintains the wall temperature at a substantially lower temperature. The heated gas stream is introduced into a hydrogenation reaction zone and provides the source of heat and hydrogen for a hydrogenation reaction. There also is provided means for quenching the products of the hydrogenation reaction. The present invention is particularly suitable for the hydrogenation of low-value solid carbonaceous materials to provide high yields of more valuable liquid and gaseous products.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1981},
month = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1981}
}

Patent:

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