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Title: Method for producing hydrocarbon fuels and fuel gas from heavy polynuclear hydrocarbons by the use of molten metal halide catalysts

Abstract

In a process for hydrocracking heavy polynuclear carbonaceous feedstocks to produce lighter hydrocarbon fuels by contacting the heavy feedstocks with hydrogen in the presence of a molten metal halide catalyst in a hydrocracking zone, thereafter separating at least a major portion of the lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the spent molten metal halide and thereafter regenerating the spent molten metal halide by incinerating the spent molten metal halide by combustion of carbon and sulfur compounds in the spent molten metal halide in an incineration zone, the improvement comprising: (a) contacting the heavy feedstocks and hydrogen in the presence of the molten metal halide in the hydrocracking zone at reaction conditions effective to convert from about 60 to about 90 weight percent of the feedstock to lighter hydrocarbon fuels; (b) separating at least a major portion of the lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the spent molten metal halide; (c) contacting the spent molten metal halide with oxygen in a liquid phase gasification zone at a temperature and pressure sufficient to vaporize from about 25 to about 75 weight percent of the spent metal halide, the oxygen being introduced in an amount sufficient to remove from about 60 to about 90 weight percent ofmore » the carbon contained in the spent molten metal halide to produce a fuel gas and regenerated metal halide; and (d) incinerating the spent molten metal halide by combusting carbon and sulfur compounds contained therein.« less

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. San Rafael, CA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Conoco Coal Development Co
OSTI Identifier:
863400
Patent Number(s):
US 4162963
Assignee:
Continental Oil Company (Stamford, CT); United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC)
DOE Contract Number:  
EX-76-C-01-1743
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
method; producing; hydrocarbon; fuels; fuel; gas; heavy; polynuclear; hydrocarbons; molten; metal; halide; catalysts; process; hydrocracking; carbonaceous; feedstocks; produce; lighter; contacting; hydrogen; presence; catalyst; zone; thereafter; separating; major; portion; spent; regenerating; incinerating; combustion; carbon; sulfur; compounds; incineration; improvement; comprising; reaction; conditions; effective; convert; 60; 90; weight; percent; feedstock; oxygen; liquid; phase; gasification; temperature; pressure; sufficient; vaporize; 25; 75; introduced; amount; remove; contained; regenerated; combusting; therein; carbonaceous feedstocks; thereafter separating; heavy polynuclear; conditions effective; gasification zone; improvement comprising; reaction conditions; hydrocarbon fuel; fuel gas; weight percent; molten metal; liquid phase; metal halide; contained therein; major portion; amount sufficient; spent molten; hydrocarbon fuels; sulfur compounds; pressure sufficient; halide catalyst; lighter hydrocarbon; spent metal; polynuclear hydrocarbons; hydrocracking heavy; hydrocracking zone; carbonaceous feed; produce lighter; polynuclear carbonaceous; compounds contain; sulfur compound; carbonaceous feedstock; produce light; producing hydrocarbon; /208/423/502/

Citation Formats

Gorin, Everett. Method for producing hydrocarbon fuels and fuel gas from heavy polynuclear hydrocarbons by the use of molten metal halide catalysts. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
Gorin, Everett. Method for producing hydrocarbon fuels and fuel gas from heavy polynuclear hydrocarbons by the use of molten metal halide catalysts. United States.
Gorin, Everett. Mon . "Method for producing hydrocarbon fuels and fuel gas from heavy polynuclear hydrocarbons by the use of molten metal halide catalysts". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/863400.
@article{osti_863400,
title = {Method for producing hydrocarbon fuels and fuel gas from heavy polynuclear hydrocarbons by the use of molten metal halide catalysts},
author = {Gorin, Everett},
abstractNote = {In a process for hydrocracking heavy polynuclear carbonaceous feedstocks to produce lighter hydrocarbon fuels by contacting the heavy feedstocks with hydrogen in the presence of a molten metal halide catalyst in a hydrocracking zone, thereafter separating at least a major portion of the lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the spent molten metal halide and thereafter regenerating the spent molten metal halide by incinerating the spent molten metal halide by combustion of carbon and sulfur compounds in the spent molten metal halide in an incineration zone, the improvement comprising: (a) contacting the heavy feedstocks and hydrogen in the presence of the molten metal halide in the hydrocracking zone at reaction conditions effective to convert from about 60 to about 90 weight percent of the feedstock to lighter hydrocarbon fuels; (b) separating at least a major portion of the lighter hydrocarbon fuels from the spent molten metal halide; (c) contacting the spent molten metal halide with oxygen in a liquid phase gasification zone at a temperature and pressure sufficient to vaporize from about 25 to about 75 weight percent of the spent metal halide, the oxygen being introduced in an amount sufficient to remove from about 60 to about 90 weight percent of the carbon contained in the spent molten metal halide to produce a fuel gas and regenerated metal halide; and (d) incinerating the spent molten metal halide by combusting carbon and sulfur compounds contained therein.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {1}
}

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