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Title: Cost Analysis of PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation: September 30, 2005

Abstract

The results of sensitivity and Monte Carlo analyses on PEM fuel cell components and the overall system are presented including the most important cost factors and the effects of selected scenarios.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
862302
Report Number(s):
NREL/SR-560-39104
KACX-5-44452-01; TRN: US200602%%96
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-99-GO10337
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Related Information: Work performed by TIAX LLC, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; FUEL CELLS; SENSITIVITY; HYDROGEN; TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS; COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS; PEMFC; FUEL CELL; COST ANALYSES; Hydrogen

Citation Formats

Carlson, E. J., Kopf, P., Sinha, J., Sriramulu, S., and Yang, Y. Cost Analysis of PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation: September 30, 2005. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.2172/862302.
Carlson, E. J., Kopf, P., Sinha, J., Sriramulu, S., & Yang, Y. Cost Analysis of PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation: September 30, 2005. United States. doi:10.2172/862302.
Carlson, E. J., Kopf, P., Sinha, J., Sriramulu, S., and Yang, Y. Thu . "Cost Analysis of PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation: September 30, 2005". United States. doi:10.2172/862302. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/862302.
@article{osti_862302,
title = {Cost Analysis of PEM Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation: September 30, 2005},
author = {Carlson, E. J. and Kopf, P. and Sinha, J. and Sriramulu, S. and Yang, Y.},
abstractNote = {The results of sensitivity and Monte Carlo analyses on PEM fuel cell components and the overall system are presented including the most important cost factors and the effects of selected scenarios.},
doi = {10.2172/862302},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2005},
month = {Thu Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2005}
}

Technical Report:

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  • PEMFC technology for transportation must be competitive with internal combustion engine powertrains in a number of key metrics, including performance, life, reliability, and cost. Demonstration of PEMFC cost competitiveness has its own challenges because the technology has not been applied to high volume automotive markets. The key stack materials including membranes, electrodes, bipolar plates, and gas diffusion layers have not been produced in automotive volumes to the exacting quality requirements that will be needed for high stack yields and to the evolving property specifications of high performance automotive stacks. Additionally, balance-of-plant components for air, water, and thermal management are beingmore » developed to meet the unique requirements of fuel cell systems. To address the question of whether fuel cells will be cost competitive in automotive markets, the DOE has funded this project to assess the high volume production cost of PEM fuel cell systems. In this report a historical perspective of our efforts in assessment of PEMFC cost for DOE is provided along with a more in-depth assessment of the cost of compressed hydrogen storage is provided. Additionally, the hydrogen storage costs were incorporated into a system cost update for 2004. Assessment of cost involves understanding not only material and production costs, but also critical performance metrics, i.e., stack power density and associated catalyst loadings that scale the system components. We will discuss the factors influencing the selection of the system specification (i.e., efficiency, reformate versus direct hydrogen, and power output) and how these have evolved over time. The reported costs reflect internal estimates and feedback from component developers and the car companies. Uncertainty in the cost projection was addressed through sensitivity analyses.« less
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  • This report summarizes project activities for Strategic Analysis, Inc. (SA) Contract Number DE-EE0005236 to the U.S. Department of Energy titled “Transportation Fuel Cell System Cost Assessment”. The project defined and projected the mass production costs of direct hydrogen Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell power systems for light-duty vehicles (automobiles) and 40-foot transit buses. In each year of the five-year contract, the fuel cell power system designs and cost projections were updated to reflect technology advances. System schematics, design assumptions, manufacturing assumptions, and cost results are presented.
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