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Title: Atomic structure of defects in GaN:Mg grown with Ga polarity

Abstract

Electron microscope phase images, produced by direct reconstruction of the scattered electron wave from a focal series of high-resolution images, were used to determine the nature of defects formed in GaN:Mg crystals. We studied bulk crystals grown from dilute solutions of atomic nitrogen in liquid gallium at high pressure and thin films grown by the MOCVD method. All the crystals were grown with Ga-polarity. In both types of samples the majority of defects were three dimensional Mg-rich hexagonal pyramids with bases on the (0001) plane and six walls on {l_brace}11{und 2}3{r_brace} planes seen in cross-section as triangulars. Some other defects appear in cross-section as trapezoidal (rectangular) defects as a result of presence of truncated pyramids. Both type of defects have hollow centers. They are decorated by Mg on all six side walls and a base. The GaN which grows inside on the defect walls shows polarity inversion. It is shown that change of polarity starts from the defect tip and propagates to the base, and that the stacking sequence changes from ab in the matrix to bc inside the defect. Exchange of the Ga sublattice with the N sublattice within the defect leads to 0.6 {+-} 0.2{angstrom} displacement between Gamore » sublattices outside and inside the defects. It is proposed that lateral overgrowth of the cavities formed within the defect takes place to restore matrix polarity on the defect base.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ernest OrlandoLawrence Berkeley NationalLaboratory, Berkeley, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Director. Office of Science. Office of Basic EnergySciences
OSTI Identifier:
860895
Report Number(s):
LBNL-55757
R&D Project: 513340; BnR: KC0201030; TRN: US0504971
DOE Contract Number:  
DE-AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Material Research Society Meeting, Boston, MA,12/1-5/2003
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CAVITIES; DEFECTS; ELECTRON MICROSCOPES; ELECTRONS; GALLIUM; NITROGEN; THIN FILMS

Citation Formats

Liliental-Weber, Z., Tomaszewicz, T., Zakharov, D., Jasinski, J., O'Keefe, M.A., Hautakangas, S., Laakso, A., and Saarinen, K. Atomic structure of defects in GaN:Mg grown with Ga polarity. United States: N. p., 2003. Web.
Liliental-Weber, Z., Tomaszewicz, T., Zakharov, D., Jasinski, J., O'Keefe, M.A., Hautakangas, S., Laakso, A., & Saarinen, K. Atomic structure of defects in GaN:Mg grown with Ga polarity. United States.
Liliental-Weber, Z., Tomaszewicz, T., Zakharov, D., Jasinski, J., O'Keefe, M.A., Hautakangas, S., Laakso, A., and Saarinen, K. Tue . "Atomic structure of defects in GaN:Mg grown with Ga polarity". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/860895.
@article{osti_860895,
title = {Atomic structure of defects in GaN:Mg grown with Ga polarity},
author = {Liliental-Weber, Z. and Tomaszewicz, T. and Zakharov, D. and Jasinski, J. and O'Keefe, M.A. and Hautakangas, S. and Laakso, A. and Saarinen, K.},
abstractNote = {Electron microscope phase images, produced by direct reconstruction of the scattered electron wave from a focal series of high-resolution images, were used to determine the nature of defects formed in GaN:Mg crystals. We studied bulk crystals grown from dilute solutions of atomic nitrogen in liquid gallium at high pressure and thin films grown by the MOCVD method. All the crystals were grown with Ga-polarity. In both types of samples the majority of defects were three dimensional Mg-rich hexagonal pyramids with bases on the (0001) plane and six walls on {l_brace}11{und 2}3{r_brace} planes seen in cross-section as triangulars. Some other defects appear in cross-section as trapezoidal (rectangular) defects as a result of presence of truncated pyramids. Both type of defects have hollow centers. They are decorated by Mg on all six side walls and a base. The GaN which grows inside on the defect walls shows polarity inversion. It is shown that change of polarity starts from the defect tip and propagates to the base, and that the stacking sequence changes from ab in the matrix to bc inside the defect. Exchange of the Ga sublattice with the N sublattice within the defect leads to 0.6 {+-} 0.2{angstrom} displacement between Ga sublattices outside and inside the defects. It is proposed that lateral overgrowth of the cavities formed within the defect takes place to restore matrix polarity on the defect base.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {11}
}

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