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Title: Automated portable analyzer for lead(II) based on sequential flow injection and nanostructured electrochemical sensors

Abstract

A fully-automated portable analyzer for toxic metal ion detection based on a combination of a nanostructured electrochemical sensor and a sequential flow injection system has been developed in this work. The sensor was fabricated from a carbon paste electrode modified with acetamide phosphonic acid self-assembled monolayer on mesoporous support (Ac-Phos SAMMS) which was embedded in a very small wall-jet (flow-onto) electrochemical cell. The electrode was solid-state and mercury-free. Samples and reagents were injected into the system and flowed through the electrochemical cell by a programmatic sequential flow technique which required minimal volume of samples and reagents and allowed the automation of the analyzer operation. The portable analyzer was evaluated for lead (Pb) detection due to the excellent binding affinity between lead and the functional groups of Ac-Phos SAMMS as well as the great concern for lead toxicity. Linear calibration curve was obtained in a low concentration range (1 to 25 ppb of Pb(II)). The reproducibility was excellent; the percent relative standard deviation was 2.5 for seven consecutive measurements of 10 ppb of Pb(II) solution. Excess concentrations of Ca, Ni, Co, Zn, and Mn ions in the solutions did not interfere with detection of lead, due to the specificity and themore » large number of the functional groups on the electrode surface. The electrode was reliable for at least 90 measurements over 5 days. This work is an important milestone in the development of the next-generation metal ion analyzers that are portable, fully-automated, and remotely-controllable.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
859979
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-45434
Journal ID: ISSN 0039-9140; TLNTA2; 11098; 9305; 6899; KP1301020; TRN: US200523%%16
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Talanta; Journal Volume: 68; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; LEAD; AUTOMATION; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; ELECTRODES; ION DETECTION; PHOSPHONIC ACIDS; SPECIFICITY; ACETAMIDE; PORTABLE EQUIPMENT; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; environmental molecular sciences laboratory

Citation Formats

Yantasee, Wassana, Timchalk, Chuck, Fryxell, Glen E., Dockendorff, Brian P., and Lin, Yuehe. Automated portable analyzer for lead(II) based on sequential flow injection and nanostructured electrochemical sensors. United States: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2005.07.013.
Yantasee, Wassana, Timchalk, Chuck, Fryxell, Glen E., Dockendorff, Brian P., & Lin, Yuehe. Automated portable analyzer for lead(II) based on sequential flow injection and nanostructured electrochemical sensors. United States. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2005.07.013.
Yantasee, Wassana, Timchalk, Chuck, Fryxell, Glen E., Dockendorff, Brian P., and Lin, Yuehe. Thu . "Automated portable analyzer for lead(II) based on sequential flow injection and nanostructured electrochemical sensors". United States. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2005.07.013.
@article{osti_859979,
title = {Automated portable analyzer for lead(II) based on sequential flow injection and nanostructured electrochemical sensors},
author = {Yantasee, Wassana and Timchalk, Chuck and Fryxell, Glen E. and Dockendorff, Brian P. and Lin, Yuehe},
abstractNote = {A fully-automated portable analyzer for toxic metal ion detection based on a combination of a nanostructured electrochemical sensor and a sequential flow injection system has been developed in this work. The sensor was fabricated from a carbon paste electrode modified with acetamide phosphonic acid self-assembled monolayer on mesoporous support (Ac-Phos SAMMS) which was embedded in a very small wall-jet (flow-onto) electrochemical cell. The electrode was solid-state and mercury-free. Samples and reagents were injected into the system and flowed through the electrochemical cell by a programmatic sequential flow technique which required minimal volume of samples and reagents and allowed the automation of the analyzer operation. The portable analyzer was evaluated for lead (Pb) detection due to the excellent binding affinity between lead and the functional groups of Ac-Phos SAMMS as well as the great concern for lead toxicity. Linear calibration curve was obtained in a low concentration range (1 to 25 ppb of Pb(II)). The reproducibility was excellent; the percent relative standard deviation was 2.5 for seven consecutive measurements of 10 ppb of Pb(II) solution. Excess concentrations of Ca, Ni, Co, Zn, and Mn ions in the solutions did not interfere with detection of lead, due to the specificity and the large number of the functional groups on the electrode surface. The electrode was reliable for at least 90 measurements over 5 days. This work is an important milestone in the development of the next-generation metal ion analyzers that are portable, fully-automated, and remotely-controllable.},
doi = {10.1016/j.talanta.2005.07.013},
journal = {Talanta},
number = 2,
volume = 68,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Dec 15 00:00:00 EST 2005},
month = {Thu Dec 15 00:00:00 EST 2005}
}