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Title: Interdiffusion Behavior in Aluminide Coatings for Power Generation Applications

Abstract

One of the critical issues for the application of iron aluminide coatings is the loss of Al from the coating into the Fe-base substrate alloys which do not contain aluminum. The interdiffusion behavior between chemical vapor deposited (CVD) aluminide coatings and ferritic and austenitic substrates is being studied for times up to 10,000h in the temperature range of 500-800 C. Coatings were synthesized using a laboratory-scale CVD reactor on representative commercial ferritic (Fe-9Cr-1Mo) and austenitic (type 304L stainless steel) alloys. The aluminide coatings on both alloys typically consisted of a relatively thin (20-25 {micro}m) Al-rich outer layer and a thicker (150- 250 {micro}m) inner layer with less Al. The composition profiles before and after interdiffusion testing were measured by electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). The decrease of the Al content at the coating surface was not significant after extended diffusion times ({le} 5000h) at temperatures {le} 700 C. More interdiffusion occurred at 800 C in coatings on both Fe-9Cr-1Mo and 304L alloys. Particularly, a two-phase microstructure was formed in the outer coating layer on 304L after interdiffusion of 2000h at 800 C. The interdiffusion behavior also was simulated using a computer model COSIM (Coating Oxidation and Substrate Interdiffusion Model), which wasmore » originally developed for MCrAlY overlay coatings by NASA. Reasonable agreement was observed between the simulated and experimental composition profiles although more work is needed to confirm assumptions made in the model.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, TN (US); Oak Ridge National Lab., Oak Ridge, TN (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
835691
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 17th Annual Conference on Fossil Energy Materials, Baltimore, MD (US), 04/22/2003--04/24/2003; Other Information: PBD: 22 Apr 2003
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ALLOYS; ALUMINIUM; COATINGS; COMPUTERS; DIFFUSION; ELECTRON PROBES; IRON; MICROANALYSIS; MICROSTRUCTURE; NASA; OXIDATION; POWER GENERATION; STAINLESS STEELS; SUBSTRATES; TESTING

Citation Formats

Zhang, Y, Pint, B A, Haynes, J A, Cooley, K M, and Wright, I G. Interdiffusion Behavior in Aluminide Coatings for Power Generation Applications. United States: N. p., 2003. Web.
Zhang, Y, Pint, B A, Haynes, J A, Cooley, K M, & Wright, I G. Interdiffusion Behavior in Aluminide Coatings for Power Generation Applications. United States.
Zhang, Y, Pint, B A, Haynes, J A, Cooley, K M, and Wright, I G. Tue . "Interdiffusion Behavior in Aluminide Coatings for Power Generation Applications". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/835691.
@article{osti_835691,
title = {Interdiffusion Behavior in Aluminide Coatings for Power Generation Applications},
author = {Zhang, Y and Pint, B A and Haynes, J A and Cooley, K M and Wright, I G},
abstractNote = {One of the critical issues for the application of iron aluminide coatings is the loss of Al from the coating into the Fe-base substrate alloys which do not contain aluminum. The interdiffusion behavior between chemical vapor deposited (CVD) aluminide coatings and ferritic and austenitic substrates is being studied for times up to 10,000h in the temperature range of 500-800 C. Coatings were synthesized using a laboratory-scale CVD reactor on representative commercial ferritic (Fe-9Cr-1Mo) and austenitic (type 304L stainless steel) alloys. The aluminide coatings on both alloys typically consisted of a relatively thin (20-25 {micro}m) Al-rich outer layer and a thicker (150- 250 {micro}m) inner layer with less Al. The composition profiles before and after interdiffusion testing were measured by electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). The decrease of the Al content at the coating surface was not significant after extended diffusion times ({le} 5000h) at temperatures {le} 700 C. More interdiffusion occurred at 800 C in coatings on both Fe-9Cr-1Mo and 304L alloys. Particularly, a two-phase microstructure was formed in the outer coating layer on 304L after interdiffusion of 2000h at 800 C. The interdiffusion behavior also was simulated using a computer model COSIM (Coating Oxidation and Substrate Interdiffusion Model), which was originally developed for MCrAlY overlay coatings by NASA. Reasonable agreement was observed between the simulated and experimental composition profiles although more work is needed to confirm assumptions made in the model.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {4}
}

Conference:
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