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Title: BOILER MATERIALS FOR ULTRASUPERCRITICAL COAL POWER PLANTS

Abstract

The principal objective of this project is to develop materials technology for use in ultrasupercritical (USC) plant boilers capable of operating with 760 C (1400 F), 35 MPa (5000 psi) steam. In the 21st century, the world faces the critical challenge of providing abundant, cheap electricity to meet the needs of a growing global population while at the same time preserving environmental values. Most studies of this issue conclude that a robust portfolio of generation technologies and fuels should be developed to assure that the United States will have adequate electricity supplies in a variety of possible future scenarios. The use of coal for electricity generation poses a unique set of challenges. On the one hand, coal is plentiful and available at low cost in much of the world, notably in the U.S., China, and India. Countries with large coal reserves will want to develop them to foster economic growth and energy security. On the other hand, traditional methods of coal combustion emit pollutants and CO{sub 2} at high levels relative to other generation options. Maintaining coal as a generation option in the 21st century will require methods for addressing these environmental issues. This project has established a government/industry consortiummore » to undertake a five-year effort to evaluate and develop of advanced materials that allow the use of advanced steam cycles in coal-based power plants. These advanced cycles, with steam temperatures up to 760 C, will increase the efficiency of coal-fired boilers from an average of 35% efficiency (current domestic fleet) to 47% (HHV). This efficiency increase will enable coal-fired power plants to generate electricity at competitive rates (irrespective of fuel costs) while reducing CO{sub 2} and other fuel-related emissions by as much as 29%. Success in achieving these objectives will support a number of broader goals. First, from a national prospective, the program will identify advanced materials that will make it possible to maintain a cost-competitive, environmentally acceptable coal-based electric generation option. High sulfur coals will specifically benefit in this respect by having these advanced materials evaluated in high-sulfur coal firing conditions and from the significant reductions in waste generation inherent in the increased operational efficiency. Second, from a national prospective, the results of this program will enable domestic boiler manufacturers to successfully compete in world markets for building high-efficiency coal-fired power plants.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Industries of Ohio (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
(US)
OSTI Identifier:
833938
DOE Contract Number:  
FG26-01NT41175
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 15 Oct 2002
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; BOILERS; COAL; COAL RESERVES; COMBUSTION; ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRICITY; MANUFACTURERS; POLLUTANTS; POWER PLANTS; SECURITY; STEAM; SULFUR; WASTES

Citation Formats

Viswanathan, R, and Coleman, K. BOILER MATERIALS FOR ULTRASUPERCRITICAL COAL POWER PLANTS. United States: N. p., 2002. Web. doi:10.2172/833938.
Viswanathan, R, & Coleman, K. BOILER MATERIALS FOR ULTRASUPERCRITICAL COAL POWER PLANTS. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/833938
Viswanathan, R, and Coleman, K. Tue . "BOILER MATERIALS FOR ULTRASUPERCRITICAL COAL POWER PLANTS". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/833938. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/833938.
@article{osti_833938,
title = {BOILER MATERIALS FOR ULTRASUPERCRITICAL COAL POWER PLANTS},
author = {Viswanathan, R and Coleman, K},
abstractNote = {The principal objective of this project is to develop materials technology for use in ultrasupercritical (USC) plant boilers capable of operating with 760 C (1400 F), 35 MPa (5000 psi) steam. In the 21st century, the world faces the critical challenge of providing abundant, cheap electricity to meet the needs of a growing global population while at the same time preserving environmental values. Most studies of this issue conclude that a robust portfolio of generation technologies and fuels should be developed to assure that the United States will have adequate electricity supplies in a variety of possible future scenarios. The use of coal for electricity generation poses a unique set of challenges. On the one hand, coal is plentiful and available at low cost in much of the world, notably in the U.S., China, and India. Countries with large coal reserves will want to develop them to foster economic growth and energy security. On the other hand, traditional methods of coal combustion emit pollutants and CO{sub 2} at high levels relative to other generation options. Maintaining coal as a generation option in the 21st century will require methods for addressing these environmental issues. This project has established a government/industry consortium to undertake a five-year effort to evaluate and develop of advanced materials that allow the use of advanced steam cycles in coal-based power plants. These advanced cycles, with steam temperatures up to 760 C, will increase the efficiency of coal-fired boilers from an average of 35% efficiency (current domestic fleet) to 47% (HHV). This efficiency increase will enable coal-fired power plants to generate electricity at competitive rates (irrespective of fuel costs) while reducing CO{sub 2} and other fuel-related emissions by as much as 29%. Success in achieving these objectives will support a number of broader goals. First, from a national prospective, the program will identify advanced materials that will make it possible to maintain a cost-competitive, environmentally acceptable coal-based electric generation option. High sulfur coals will specifically benefit in this respect by having these advanced materials evaluated in high-sulfur coal firing conditions and from the significant reductions in waste generation inherent in the increased operational efficiency. Second, from a national prospective, the results of this program will enable domestic boiler manufacturers to successfully compete in world markets for building high-efficiency coal-fired power plants.},
doi = {10.2172/833938},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/833938}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {10}
}