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Title: Improved discharge characteristics of tunnel-containing manganese oxide electrodes for rechargeable lithium battery applications

Abstract

LixMnO2 made from Na0.44MnO2 has an unusual tunnel structure which allows ion insertion processes to occur with minimal strain. It cycles very reversibly at an average voltage of about 3.2 vs. Li without undergoing phase conversion. The stability of this material makes it a promising candidate for use in electric vehicle applications, which not only have severe cost constraints, but also require long cycle life and abuse-tolerance. In practical lithium cells, however, the demonstrated capacity is typically less than the predicted 200 mAh/g for LixMnO2 cathode materials made by conventional solid-state reactions. This is due to kinetic limitations and to the sloping discharge characteristics. Attritor-milling of conventionally-made LixMnO2 and glycine-nitrate combustion synthesis have been used to produce powders with average particle size below 1 mm, improved rate capability, and a 15 percent improvement in utilization. Up to 55 percent of the Mn in LixMnO2 with the Na0.44MnO2 structure can also be replaced with Ti. Ti-doped analogs have modified discharge characteristics, with some exhibiting better utilization between set voltage limits than the parent compound.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Office of Transportation Technologies. Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies (US)
OSTI Identifier:
833561
Report Number(s):
LBNL-46062
R&D Project: 500301; TRN: US200430%%1628
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
ITE Battery Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: Journal Publication Date: 2001; PBD: 1 May 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; CAPACITY; CATHODES; COMBUSTION; ELECTRODES; KINETICS; LITHIUM; MANGANESE OXIDES; PARTICLE SIZE; STABILITY; SYNTHESIS; MANGANESE OXIDE LITHIUM BATTERY

Citation Formats

Doeff, Marca M., Richardson, Thomas J., Hwang, Kwang-Taek, and Anapolsky, Abraham. Improved discharge characteristics of tunnel-containing manganese oxide electrodes for rechargeable lithium battery applications. United States: N. p., 2000. Web.
Doeff, Marca M., Richardson, Thomas J., Hwang, Kwang-Taek, & Anapolsky, Abraham. Improved discharge characteristics of tunnel-containing manganese oxide electrodes for rechargeable lithium battery applications. United States.
Doeff, Marca M., Richardson, Thomas J., Hwang, Kwang-Taek, and Anapolsky, Abraham. Mon . "Improved discharge characteristics of tunnel-containing manganese oxide electrodes for rechargeable lithium battery applications". United States.
@article{osti_833561,
title = {Improved discharge characteristics of tunnel-containing manganese oxide electrodes for rechargeable lithium battery applications},
author = {Doeff, Marca M. and Richardson, Thomas J. and Hwang, Kwang-Taek and Anapolsky, Abraham},
abstractNote = {LixMnO2 made from Na0.44MnO2 has an unusual tunnel structure which allows ion insertion processes to occur with minimal strain. It cycles very reversibly at an average voltage of about 3.2 vs. Li without undergoing phase conversion. The stability of this material makes it a promising candidate for use in electric vehicle applications, which not only have severe cost constraints, but also require long cycle life and abuse-tolerance. In practical lithium cells, however, the demonstrated capacity is typically less than the predicted 200 mAh/g for LixMnO2 cathode materials made by conventional solid-state reactions. This is due to kinetic limitations and to the sloping discharge characteristics. Attritor-milling of conventionally-made LixMnO2 and glycine-nitrate combustion synthesis have been used to produce powders with average particle size below 1 mm, improved rate capability, and a 15 percent improvement in utilization. Up to 55 percent of the Mn in LixMnO2 with the Na0.44MnO2 structure can also be replaced with Ti. Ti-doped analogs have modified discharge characteristics, with some exhibiting better utilization between set voltage limits than the parent compound.},
doi = {},
journal = {ITE Battery Letters},
number = 3,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {5}
}