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Title: Fast Flow in Unsaturated Coarse Sediments

Abstract

Unsaturated flow in very coarse sediments is a critical area for improving our basic understanding of vadose zone flow and transport because it contains important aspects that are beyond the realm predictable by classical Miller-Miller scaling analyses. In particular, very coarse-textured (>1 mm grain-size) media can sustain high flow rates at relatively low saturations, doing so via film flow rather than by flow through an interconnected network of saturated pores. Thus, the physics of fast flow processes in unsaturated very coarse media is fundamentally different from that traditionally recognized in finer textured sediments. Our general objectives are (i) to quantify the macroscopic hydraulic properties of very coarse textured sediments in the near-zero (-10 to 0 kPa) matric potential region, and (ii) determine the microscale basis for fast unsaturated flow. Through these macroscopic and microscale studies, we intend to develop appropriate scaling relations for unsaturated flow in coarse-granular sediments. Gaining improved understanding of unsaturated flow in coarse granular sediments is important for practical concerns. Effective remediation and management of contaminated coarse-grained sediments such as those found at the Hanford Site requires knowledge of unsaturated fast flow. A better understanding of the failure mode for natural and engineered capillary barriers is alsomore » needed. This research proposal was developed to improve our understanding of the physics of unsaturated flow in coarse- to very coarse-textured sediments, and through this meet practical needs related to contaminant transport in such vadose environments.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., Berkeley, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
833510
Report Number(s):
EMSP-70069-2000
R&D Project: EMSP 70069; TRN: US200430%%1553
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; FILM FLOW; FLOW RATE; GRAIN SIZE; HYDRAULICS; MANAGEMENT; PHYSICS; SEDIMENTS; TRANSPORT

Citation Formats

Tokunaga, Tetsu K, and Wan, Jiamin. Fast Flow in Unsaturated Coarse Sediments. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/833510.
Tokunaga, Tetsu K, & Wan, Jiamin. Fast Flow in Unsaturated Coarse Sediments. United States. doi:10.2172/833510.
Tokunaga, Tetsu K, and Wan, Jiamin. Thu . "Fast Flow in Unsaturated Coarse Sediments". United States. doi:10.2172/833510. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/833510.
@article{osti_833510,
title = {Fast Flow in Unsaturated Coarse Sediments},
author = {Tokunaga, Tetsu K and Wan, Jiamin},
abstractNote = {Unsaturated flow in very coarse sediments is a critical area for improving our basic understanding of vadose zone flow and transport because it contains important aspects that are beyond the realm predictable by classical Miller-Miller scaling analyses. In particular, very coarse-textured (>1 mm grain-size) media can sustain high flow rates at relatively low saturations, doing so via film flow rather than by flow through an interconnected network of saturated pores. Thus, the physics of fast flow processes in unsaturated very coarse media is fundamentally different from that traditionally recognized in finer textured sediments. Our general objectives are (i) to quantify the macroscopic hydraulic properties of very coarse textured sediments in the near-zero (-10 to 0 kPa) matric potential region, and (ii) determine the microscale basis for fast unsaturated flow. Through these macroscopic and microscale studies, we intend to develop appropriate scaling relations for unsaturated flow in coarse-granular sediments. Gaining improved understanding of unsaturated flow in coarse granular sediments is important for practical concerns. Effective remediation and management of contaminated coarse-grained sediments such as those found at the Hanford Site requires knowledge of unsaturated fast flow. A better understanding of the failure mode for natural and engineered capillary barriers is also needed. This research proposal was developed to improve our understanding of the physics of unsaturated flow in coarse- to very coarse-textured sediments, and through this meet practical needs related to contaminant transport in such vadose environments.},
doi = {10.2172/833510},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}

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