skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Fundamental Thermodynamics of Actinide-Bearing Mineral Waste Forms

Abstract

The landmark record of decision in January 2000 by the US Department of Energy stated that at least 17 tons of surplus weapons plutonium will be converted to a mineral waste material and disposed of in a geological repository similar to the proposed Yucca Mountain nuclear waste site in Nevada. The need for fundamental thermodynamic properties (e.g., entropy, enthalpy and free energy of formation) of specific actinide-bearing mineral phases, related non-actinide phases, and potential decomposition phases is vital to waste material formulation, fabrication process optimization, environmental modeling, and licensing a proposed mineral waste material. Two and one half years ago we began a study designed to obtain the first measured values for the formation energetics of phases related to the disposal of this surplus weapons plutonium.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., Argonne, IL (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
828571
Report Number(s):
EMSP-60118-2000
R&D Project: EMSP 60118; TRN: US0404026
DOE Contract Number:  
FG07-97ER45673
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; DATA; ENTHALPY; ENTROPY; FABRICATION; FREE ENERGY; MINERAL WASTES; OPTIMIZATION; PLUTONIUM; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; SIMULATION; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES; THERMODYNAMICS; WASTES; WEAPONS; YUCCA MOUNTAIN

Citation Formats

Williamson, Mark A. Fundamental Thermodynamics of Actinide-Bearing Mineral Waste Forms. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/828571.
Williamson, Mark A. Fundamental Thermodynamics of Actinide-Bearing Mineral Waste Forms. United States. doi:10.2172/828571.
Williamson, Mark A. Thu . "Fundamental Thermodynamics of Actinide-Bearing Mineral Waste Forms". United States. doi:10.2172/828571. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/828571.
@article{osti_828571,
title = {Fundamental Thermodynamics of Actinide-Bearing Mineral Waste Forms},
author = {Williamson, Mark A},
abstractNote = {The landmark record of decision in January 2000 by the US Department of Energy stated that at least 17 tons of surplus weapons plutonium will be converted to a mineral waste material and disposed of in a geological repository similar to the proposed Yucca Mountain nuclear waste site in Nevada. The need for fundamental thermodynamic properties (e.g., entropy, enthalpy and free energy of formation) of specific actinide-bearing mineral phases, related non-actinide phases, and potential decomposition phases is vital to waste material formulation, fabrication process optimization, environmental modeling, and licensing a proposed mineral waste material. Two and one half years ago we began a study designed to obtain the first measured values for the formation energetics of phases related to the disposal of this surplus weapons plutonium.},
doi = {10.2172/828571},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share: