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Title: Waste Minimization Policy at the Romanian Nuclear Power Plant

Abstract

The radioactive waste management system at Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in Romania was designed to maintain acceptable levels of safety for workers and to protect human health and the environment from exposure to unacceptable levels of radiation. In accordance with terminology of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), this system consists of the ''pretreatment'' of solid and organic liquid radioactive waste, which may include part or all of the following activities: collection, handling, volume reduction (by an in-drum compactor, if appropriate), and storage. Gaseous and aqueous liquid wastes are managed according to the ''dilute and discharge'' strategy. Taking into account the fact that treatment/conditioning and disposal technologies are still not established, waste minimization at the source is a priority environmental management objective, while waste minimization at the disposal stage is presently just a theoretical requirement for future adopted technologies . The necessary operational and maintenance procedures are in place at Cernavoda to minimize the production and contamination of waste. Administrative and technical measures are established to minimize waste volumes. Thus, an annual environmental target of a maximum 30 m3 of radioactive waste volume arising from operation and maintenance has been established. Within the first five years of operations atmore » Cernavoda NPP, this target has been met. The successful implementation of the waste minimization policy has been accompanied by a cost reduction while the occupational doses for plant workers have been maintained at as low as reasonably practicable levels. This paper will describe key features of the waste management system along with the actual experience that has been realized with respect to minimizing the waste volumes at the Cernavoda NPP.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Nuclearelectrica National Company (RO); Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant (RO) 33, Magheru Blvd., sector 1 Bucharest (RO)
Sponsoring Org.:
none (US)
OSTI Identifier:
828333
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Waste Management 2002 Symposium, Tucson, AZ (US), 02/24/2002--02/28/2002; Other Information: PBD: 26 Feb 2002
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; CONTAMINATION; IAEA; IMPLEMENTATION; LIQUID WASTES; MAINTENANCE; MANAGEMENT; MINIMIZATION; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; ROMANIA; SAFETY; STORAGE; TARGETS; WASTE MANAGEMENT

Citation Formats

Andrei, V, and Daian, I. Waste Minimization Policy at the Romanian Nuclear Power Plant. United States: N. p., 2002. Web.
Andrei, V, & Daian, I. Waste Minimization Policy at the Romanian Nuclear Power Plant. United States.
Andrei, V, and Daian, I. Tue . "Waste Minimization Policy at the Romanian Nuclear Power Plant". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/828333.
@article{osti_828333,
title = {Waste Minimization Policy at the Romanian Nuclear Power Plant},
author = {Andrei, V and Daian, I},
abstractNote = {The radioactive waste management system at Cernavoda Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in Romania was designed to maintain acceptable levels of safety for workers and to protect human health and the environment from exposure to unacceptable levels of radiation. In accordance with terminology of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), this system consists of the ''pretreatment'' of solid and organic liquid radioactive waste, which may include part or all of the following activities: collection, handling, volume reduction (by an in-drum compactor, if appropriate), and storage. Gaseous and aqueous liquid wastes are managed according to the ''dilute and discharge'' strategy. Taking into account the fact that treatment/conditioning and disposal technologies are still not established, waste minimization at the source is a priority environmental management objective, while waste minimization at the disposal stage is presently just a theoretical requirement for future adopted technologies . The necessary operational and maintenance procedures are in place at Cernavoda to minimize the production and contamination of waste. Administrative and technical measures are established to minimize waste volumes. Thus, an annual environmental target of a maximum 30 m3 of radioactive waste volume arising from operation and maintenance has been established. Within the first five years of operations at Cernavoda NPP, this target has been met. The successful implementation of the waste minimization policy has been accompanied by a cost reduction while the occupational doses for plant workers have been maintained at as low as reasonably practicable levels. This paper will describe key features of the waste management system along with the actual experience that has been realized with respect to minimizing the waste volumes at the Cernavoda NPP.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {2}
}

Conference:
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