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Title: 3-D Spectral IP Imaging: Non-Invasive Characterization DE FG02 96ER 14714

Abstract

The Earth Resources Laboratory (ERL) performed a broad foundational study of spectral induced polarization (SIP) for site characterization. The project encompassed laboratory studies of microgeometry and chemistry effects on Induced Polarization (IP), an investigation of electromagnetic coupling (emc) noise, and development of 3D modeling and inversion codes. The major finding of the project is that emc noise presents a critical limitation for field implementation of SIP and conventional correction methods are inadequate. The project developed a frequency domain 3D complex resistivity modeling and inversion code Laboratory experiments were conducted to study the effects of solution chemistry and microgeometry on the SIP response of sandstone. Results indicate that changes in chemistry affect the magnitude of the spectral IP response and changes in microgeometry affect the shape of the spectral IP response. The developed physiochemical IP model can be used to invert spectral IP data for an apparent grain size distribution. Laboratory studies over the last twenty years have shown that SIP data must be acquired over several decades of frequency and include frequencies greater than 1kHz. A model of the components of emc noise has been developed and investigation with this model showed that inductive coupling is the most significant component.more » The study concluded that emc limits the frequency range of usable field data to approximately 100 Hz and below for typical site conditions. Several correction schemes have been developed based on treating emc as noise to be removed from the data, but our investigation has shown that these are not adequate for high frequencies, greater than 100Hz. Laboratory studies have demonstrated that the greatest response is the frequency range greater than 1KHz, hence the emc problem must be resolved for field implementation of SIP to advance. The ERL developed 2D/3D time domain codes that perform inversions for charge abilities based on schemes introduced by Siegel (1959). The ERL has also developed a 3D complex resistivity code for inversion of frequency domain IP data. The algorithm accommodates a general earth model with a complex electrical resistivity as a function of frequency and 3-D spatial position. The forward problem is solved by the complex biconjugate gradient method, while the regularized inverse problem is solved by the nonlinear conjugate gradient method. Time domain field data was acquired along a single survey line at the FS-12 plume, Massachusetts Military Reservation. The data was inverted with the developed 2D time domain code with the results having an excellent match to monitoring well data. The data was further analyzed by an innovative scheme where a ''gross spectral chargeability'' was determined from time domain data. The results show that there is valuable information in the spectra of the data.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Earth Resources Laboratory (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
828181
Report Number(s):
EMSP-55300-2000
R&D Project: EMSP 55300; TRN: US200428%%1019
DOE Contract Number:  
GF07-96ER14714
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ALGORITHMS; CHEMISTRY; DISTRIBUTION; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; FREQUENCY RANGE; GRAIN SIZE; IMPLEMENTATION; MONITORING; POLARIZATION; SHAPE; SIMULATION; SITE CHARACTERIZATION; SPECTRA

Citation Formats

Morgan, F Dale, Rodi, William, and Lesmes, David. 3-D Spectral IP Imaging: Non-Invasive Characterization DE FG02 96ER 14714. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/828181.
Morgan, F Dale, Rodi, William, & Lesmes, David. 3-D Spectral IP Imaging: Non-Invasive Characterization DE FG02 96ER 14714. United States. doi:10.2172/828181.
Morgan, F Dale, Rodi, William, and Lesmes, David. Thu . "3-D Spectral IP Imaging: Non-Invasive Characterization DE FG02 96ER 14714". United States. doi:10.2172/828181. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/828181.
@article{osti_828181,
title = {3-D Spectral IP Imaging: Non-Invasive Characterization DE FG02 96ER 14714},
author = {Morgan, F Dale and Rodi, William and Lesmes, David},
abstractNote = {The Earth Resources Laboratory (ERL) performed a broad foundational study of spectral induced polarization (SIP) for site characterization. The project encompassed laboratory studies of microgeometry and chemistry effects on Induced Polarization (IP), an investigation of electromagnetic coupling (emc) noise, and development of 3D modeling and inversion codes. The major finding of the project is that emc noise presents a critical limitation for field implementation of SIP and conventional correction methods are inadequate. The project developed a frequency domain 3D complex resistivity modeling and inversion code Laboratory experiments were conducted to study the effects of solution chemistry and microgeometry on the SIP response of sandstone. Results indicate that changes in chemistry affect the magnitude of the spectral IP response and changes in microgeometry affect the shape of the spectral IP response. The developed physiochemical IP model can be used to invert spectral IP data for an apparent grain size distribution. Laboratory studies over the last twenty years have shown that SIP data must be acquired over several decades of frequency and include frequencies greater than 1kHz. A model of the components of emc noise has been developed and investigation with this model showed that inductive coupling is the most significant component. The study concluded that emc limits the frequency range of usable field data to approximately 100 Hz and below for typical site conditions. Several correction schemes have been developed based on treating emc as noise to be removed from the data, but our investigation has shown that these are not adequate for high frequencies, greater than 100Hz. Laboratory studies have demonstrated that the greatest response is the frequency range greater than 1KHz, hence the emc problem must be resolved for field implementation of SIP to advance. The ERL developed 2D/3D time domain codes that perform inversions for charge abilities based on schemes introduced by Siegel (1959). The ERL has also developed a 3D complex resistivity code for inversion of frequency domain IP data. The algorithm accommodates a general earth model with a complex electrical resistivity as a function of frequency and 3-D spatial position. The forward problem is solved by the complex biconjugate gradient method, while the regularized inverse problem is solved by the nonlinear conjugate gradient method. Time domain field data was acquired along a single survey line at the FS-12 plume, Massachusetts Military Reservation. The data was inverted with the developed 2D time domain code with the results having an excellent match to monitoring well data. The data was further analyzed by an innovative scheme where a ''gross spectral chargeability'' was determined from time domain data. The results show that there is valuable information in the spectra of the data.},
doi = {10.2172/828181},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}

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