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Title: Treatment of oil in water emulsions by ceramic-supported polymeric membranes

Abstract

A novel membrane was developed by growing polymer chains from the surface of a porous ceramic support, resulting in a composite membrane which combines the mechanical properties of the inorganic membrane with the selective interactions of the polymer. The configuration of the grafted polymer brush layer is determined by solvent-polymer interactions, with a hydrophilic polymer being stretched away from the surface by aqueous solutions and collapsed against the surface by organic solvents. This behavior of the grafted chains provides Ceramic-Supported Polymeric (CSP) membranes with unique properties for certain water treatment applications. One application envisioned for these CSP membranes, in which the selectivity is influenced by interactions between the solvent and the grafted polymer, is the cross-flow filtration of an oil-in-water emulsion. In this case, a hydrophilic grafted Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) brush layer expanded into the pore volume due to the affinity of the polymer for water. These extended grafted chains preferentially allow the passage of water over oil, producing a permeate stream with a lower total organic carbon content compared to an unmodified membrane. Another advantage of the CSP membrane is in reducing permeate flux decline believed to be caused by the adsorption of oil onto the membrane surface. For themore » PVP-modified CSP membrane, the grafted polymer alters the membrane surface character from hydrophobic to hydrophilic, reducing the tendency for oil adsorption. This phenomenon was demonstrated by comparison of permeate flow rate behavior for both unmodified and graft polymerized (CSP) membranes.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
82772
Report Number(s):
CONF-940789-
ISBN 0-7844-0031-8; TRN: IM9533%%230
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: American Society of Civil Engineers 1994 National Council on Environmental Engineering (NCEE) conference on critical issues in water and waste water treatment, Boulder, CO (United States), 11-13 Jul 1994; Other Information: PBD: 1994; Related Information: Is Part Of Critical issues in water and wastewater treatment. Proceedings of the 1994 national conference on environmental engineering; Ryan, J.N.; Edwards, M. [eds.] [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Dept of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering]; PB: 824 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; DRINKING WATER; WATER QUALITY; OILS; WATER POLLUTION CONTROL; MEMBRANES; DESIGN; WATER TREATMENT; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT

Citation Formats

Castro, R P, Cohen, Y, and Monbouquette, H G. Treatment of oil in water emulsions by ceramic-supported polymeric membranes. United States: N. p., 1994. Web.
Castro, R P, Cohen, Y, & Monbouquette, H G. Treatment of oil in water emulsions by ceramic-supported polymeric membranes. United States.
Castro, R P, Cohen, Y, and Monbouquette, H G. Sat . "Treatment of oil in water emulsions by ceramic-supported polymeric membranes". United States.
@article{osti_82772,
title = {Treatment of oil in water emulsions by ceramic-supported polymeric membranes},
author = {Castro, R P and Cohen, Y and Monbouquette, H G},
abstractNote = {A novel membrane was developed by growing polymer chains from the surface of a porous ceramic support, resulting in a composite membrane which combines the mechanical properties of the inorganic membrane with the selective interactions of the polymer. The configuration of the grafted polymer brush layer is determined by solvent-polymer interactions, with a hydrophilic polymer being stretched away from the surface by aqueous solutions and collapsed against the surface by organic solvents. This behavior of the grafted chains provides Ceramic-Supported Polymeric (CSP) membranes with unique properties for certain water treatment applications. One application envisioned for these CSP membranes, in which the selectivity is influenced by interactions between the solvent and the grafted polymer, is the cross-flow filtration of an oil-in-water emulsion. In this case, a hydrophilic grafted Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) brush layer expanded into the pore volume due to the affinity of the polymer for water. These extended grafted chains preferentially allow the passage of water over oil, producing a permeate stream with a lower total organic carbon content compared to an unmodified membrane. Another advantage of the CSP membrane is in reducing permeate flux decline believed to be caused by the adsorption of oil onto the membrane surface. For the PVP-modified CSP membrane, the grafted polymer alters the membrane surface character from hydrophobic to hydrophilic, reducing the tendency for oil adsorption. This phenomenon was demonstrated by comparison of permeate flow rate behavior for both unmodified and graft polymerized (CSP) membranes.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/82772}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {12}
}

Conference:
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