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Title: SUPERCONDUCTING QUADRUPOLE ARRAYS FOR MULTIPLE BEAM TRANSPORT

Abstract

The goal of this research was to develop concepts for affordable, fully functional arrays of superconducting quadrupoles for multi-beam transport and focusing in heavy ion fusion (HIF)accelerators. Previous studies by the Virtual National Laboratory (VNL) collaboration have shown that the multi-beam transport system (consisting of alternating gradient quadrupole magnets, a beam vacuum system, and the beam monitor and control system) will likely be one of the most expensive and critical parts of such an accelerator. This statement is true for near-term fusion research accelerators as well as accelerators for the ultimate goal of power production via inertial fusion. For this reason, research on superconducting quadrupole arrays is both timely and important for the inertial fusion energy (IFE) research program. This research will also benefit near-term heavy ion fusion facilities such as the Integrated Research Experiment (IRE)and/or the Integrated Beam Experiment (IBX). We considered a 2-prong approach that addresses the needs of both the nearer and longer term requirements of the inertial fusion program. First, we studied the flat coil quadrupole design that was developed by LLNL; this magnet is 150 mm long with a 50 mm aperture and thus is suitable for near term experiments that require magnets of amore » small length to aperture ratio. Secondly, we studied the novel double-helix quadrupole (DHQ) design in a small (3 x 3) array configuration; this design can provide an important step to the longer term solution of low-cost, easy to manufacture array constructions. Our Phase I studies were performed using the AMPERES magnetostatic analysis software. Consideration of these results led to plans for future magnet R&D construction projects. The first objective of Phase I was to develop the concept of a superconducting focusing array that meets the specific requirements of a heavy ion fusion accelerator. Detailed parameter studies for such quadrupole arrays were performed. Based on these studies, the primary magnet parameters and the general features required for a complete array system (including vacuum and cryostat) were identified. Basic system concepts were formulated to serve as guides for future development work. A related issue was to compare the applicability and benefits of two different magnet technologies for use in such a quadrupole array. Analytical studies were performed for each of the two coil designs, a flat coil based on an HCX quadrupole designed by LLNL and a doublehelix quadrupole designed by AML. These studies have confirmed the feasibility of using either of the two coil designs in a small array.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Advanced magnet Lab, Inc.
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
827454
Report Number(s):
DOE-ER83359-1
TRN: US0503766
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-02ER83359
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ACCELERATORS; APERTURES; BEAM MONITORS; BEAM TRANSPORT; CONTROL SYSTEMS; DESIGN; FOCUSING; FUNCTIONALS; HEAVY IONS; MAGNETS; POWER GENERATION; QUADRUPOLES; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS; TRANSPORT; VACUUM SYSTEMS; Quadrupole Arrays, Inertial Fusion Accelerator, Multiple Beam Focusing, Superconducting Magnet, Beam Transport

Citation Formats

Rainer Meinke Carl Goodzeit Penny Ball Roger Bangerter. SUPERCONDUCTING QUADRUPOLE ARRAYS FOR MULTIPLE BEAM TRANSPORT. United States: N. p., 2003. Web. doi:10.2172/827454.
Rainer Meinke Carl Goodzeit Penny Ball Roger Bangerter. SUPERCONDUCTING QUADRUPOLE ARRAYS FOR MULTIPLE BEAM TRANSPORT. United States. doi:10.2172/827454.
Rainer Meinke Carl Goodzeit Penny Ball Roger Bangerter. Wed . "SUPERCONDUCTING QUADRUPOLE ARRAYS FOR MULTIPLE BEAM TRANSPORT". United States. doi:10.2172/827454. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/827454.
@article{osti_827454,
title = {SUPERCONDUCTING QUADRUPOLE ARRAYS FOR MULTIPLE BEAM TRANSPORT},
author = {Rainer Meinke Carl Goodzeit Penny Ball Roger Bangerter},
abstractNote = {The goal of this research was to develop concepts for affordable, fully functional arrays of superconducting quadrupoles for multi-beam transport and focusing in heavy ion fusion (HIF)accelerators. Previous studies by the Virtual National Laboratory (VNL) collaboration have shown that the multi-beam transport system (consisting of alternating gradient quadrupole magnets, a beam vacuum system, and the beam monitor and control system) will likely be one of the most expensive and critical parts of such an accelerator. This statement is true for near-term fusion research accelerators as well as accelerators for the ultimate goal of power production via inertial fusion. For this reason, research on superconducting quadrupole arrays is both timely and important for the inertial fusion energy (IFE) research program. This research will also benefit near-term heavy ion fusion facilities such as the Integrated Research Experiment (IRE)and/or the Integrated Beam Experiment (IBX). We considered a 2-prong approach that addresses the needs of both the nearer and longer term requirements of the inertial fusion program. First, we studied the flat coil quadrupole design that was developed by LLNL; this magnet is 150 mm long with a 50 mm aperture and thus is suitable for near term experiments that require magnets of a small length to aperture ratio. Secondly, we studied the novel double-helix quadrupole (DHQ) design in a small (3 x 3) array configuration; this design can provide an important step to the longer term solution of low-cost, easy to manufacture array constructions. Our Phase I studies were performed using the AMPERES magnetostatic analysis software. Consideration of these results led to plans for future magnet R&D construction projects. The first objective of Phase I was to develop the concept of a superconducting focusing array that meets the specific requirements of a heavy ion fusion accelerator. Detailed parameter studies for such quadrupole arrays were performed. Based on these studies, the primary magnet parameters and the general features required for a complete array system (including vacuum and cryostat) were identified. Basic system concepts were formulated to serve as guides for future development work. A related issue was to compare the applicability and benefits of two different magnet technologies for use in such a quadrupole array. Analytical studies were performed for each of the two coil designs, a flat coil based on an HCX quadrupole designed by LLNL and a doublehelix quadrupole designed by AML. These studies have confirmed the feasibility of using either of the two coil designs in a small array.},
doi = {10.2172/827454},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {10}
}