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Title: BIOFILTRATION OF VOLATILE POLLUTANTS: Fundamental Mechanisms for Improved Design, Long-term Operation, Prediction, and Implementation

Abstract

Biofiltration systems can be used for treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs); however, the systems are poorly understood and are currently operated as ''black boxes''. Common operational problems associated with biofilters include fouling, deactivation, and overgrowth, all of which make them ineffective for continuous, long-term use. The objective of this investigation is to develop generic methods for long-term stable operation, in particular by using selective limitation of supplemental nutrients while maintaining high activity. As part of this effort, we will provide deeper fundamental understanding of the important biological and transport mechanisms in biodestruction of sparingly soluble VOCs and extend this approach and mathematical models to additional systems of high priority EM relevance--direct degradation and cometabolic degradation of priority pollutants such as BTEX and chlorinated organics.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
827352
Report Number(s):
EMSP-55013-2000
R&D Project: EMSP 55013; TRN: US200425%%612
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; DEACTIVATION; DESIGN; FORECASTING; FOULING; IMPLEMENTATION; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; NUTRIENTS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; POLLUTANTS; TRANSPORT

Citation Formats

Davison, Brian H, Klasson, K Thomas, and Barton, John W. BIOFILTRATION OF VOLATILE POLLUTANTS: Fundamental Mechanisms for Improved Design, Long-term Operation, Prediction, and Implementation. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/827352.
Davison, Brian H, Klasson, K Thomas, & Barton, John W. BIOFILTRATION OF VOLATILE POLLUTANTS: Fundamental Mechanisms for Improved Design, Long-term Operation, Prediction, and Implementation. United States. doi:10.2172/827352.
Davison, Brian H, Klasson, K Thomas, and Barton, John W. Thu . "BIOFILTRATION OF VOLATILE POLLUTANTS: Fundamental Mechanisms for Improved Design, Long-term Operation, Prediction, and Implementation". United States. doi:10.2172/827352. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/827352.
@article{osti_827352,
title = {BIOFILTRATION OF VOLATILE POLLUTANTS: Fundamental Mechanisms for Improved Design, Long-term Operation, Prediction, and Implementation},
author = {Davison, Brian H and Klasson, K Thomas and Barton, John W},
abstractNote = {Biofiltration systems can be used for treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs); however, the systems are poorly understood and are currently operated as ''black boxes''. Common operational problems associated with biofilters include fouling, deactivation, and overgrowth, all of which make them ineffective for continuous, long-term use. The objective of this investigation is to develop generic methods for long-term stable operation, in particular by using selective limitation of supplemental nutrients while maintaining high activity. As part of this effort, we will provide deeper fundamental understanding of the important biological and transport mechanisms in biodestruction of sparingly soluble VOCs and extend this approach and mathematical models to additional systems of high priority EM relevance--direct degradation and cometabolic degradation of priority pollutants such as BTEX and chlorinated organics.},
doi = {10.2172/827352},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}

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