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Title: Surface and Borehole Electromagnetic Imaging of Conducting Contaminant Plumes

Abstract

Electromagnetic induction tomography is a promising new tool for imaging electrical conductivity variations in the earth. The source field is a magnetic field generated by currents in wire coils. This source field is normally produced in one borehole, while the received signals are the measured small changes in magnetic field in another, distant borehole; however, the method may also be used successfully in combination with surface sources and receivers. The goal of this procedure is to image electrical conductivity variations in the earth, much as x-ray tomography is used to image density variations through cross-sections of the body. Although field techniques have been developed and applied to collection of such EM data, the algorithms for inverting the magnetic data to produce the desired images of electrical conductivity have not kept pace. Prior to this project, the state of the art in electromagnetic data inversion was based on the Born approximation (requiring a lo w contrast assumption), or extensions. However, it is known that conductivity variations in fact range over several orders of magnitude and therefore require nonlinear analysis. The goal of this project has therefore been to join theory and experiment to produce enhanced images of electrically conducting fluids underground,more » allowing better localization of contaminants and improved planning strategies for the subsequent remediation efforts. The resulting field system can, after some more required work on calibration and reliability, be applied directly to EM characterization and remediation problems.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
827294
Report Number(s):
EMSP-55011-2000
R&D Project: EMSP 55011; TRN: US200425%%555
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ALGORITHMS; BOREHOLES; BORN APPROXIMATION; CALIBRATION; CROSS SECTIONS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; INDUCTION; MAGNETIC FIELDS; PLANNING; PLUMES; RELIABILITY; TOMOGRAPHY

Citation Formats

Berryman, James G. Surface and Borehole Electromagnetic Imaging of Conducting Contaminant Plumes. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/827294.
Berryman, James G. Surface and Borehole Electromagnetic Imaging of Conducting Contaminant Plumes. United States. doi:10.2172/827294.
Berryman, James G. Thu . "Surface and Borehole Electromagnetic Imaging of Conducting Contaminant Plumes". United States. doi:10.2172/827294. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/827294.
@article{osti_827294,
title = {Surface and Borehole Electromagnetic Imaging of Conducting Contaminant Plumes},
author = {Berryman, James G},
abstractNote = {Electromagnetic induction tomography is a promising new tool for imaging electrical conductivity variations in the earth. The source field is a magnetic field generated by currents in wire coils. This source field is normally produced in one borehole, while the received signals are the measured small changes in magnetic field in another, distant borehole; however, the method may also be used successfully in combination with surface sources and receivers. The goal of this procedure is to image electrical conductivity variations in the earth, much as x-ray tomography is used to image density variations through cross-sections of the body. Although field techniques have been developed and applied to collection of such EM data, the algorithms for inverting the magnetic data to produce the desired images of electrical conductivity have not kept pace. Prior to this project, the state of the art in electromagnetic data inversion was based on the Born approximation (requiring a lo w contrast assumption), or extensions. However, it is known that conductivity variations in fact range over several orders of magnitude and therefore require nonlinear analysis. The goal of this project has therefore been to join theory and experiment to produce enhanced images of electrically conducting fluids underground, allowing better localization of contaminants and improved planning strategies for the subsequent remediation efforts. The resulting field system can, after some more required work on calibration and reliability, be applied directly to EM characterization and remediation problems.},
doi = {10.2172/827294},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}

Technical Report:

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