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Title: Radiation Effects on Materials in the Near-Field of a Nuclear Waste Repository

Abstract

Site restoration activities at US DOE facilities and the permanent disposal of nuclear waste generated at DOE facilities require working with and within various types and levels of radiation fields. Once the nuclear waste is incorporated into a final form, radioactive decay will decrease the radiation field over geologic time scales, but the alpha-decay dose for these solids will still reach values as high as 1018 alpha-decay events/gm in periods as short as 1,000 years. This dose is well within the range for which important chemical (e.g., increased leach rate) and physical (e.g., volume expansion) changes may occur in crystalline ceramics. Release and sorption of long-lived actinides can also provide a radiation exposure to backfill materials, and changes in important retardation properties (e.g., cation exchange capacity) may occur. The objective of this research program has been to evaluate the long-term radiation effects in materials used in processing high-level nuclear waste or materials in the near-field of a nuclear waste repository.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
827068
Report Number(s):
EMSP-54691-2000
R&D Project: EMSP 54691; TRN: US0403098
DOE Contract Number:  
FG07-97ER45652
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Jun 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ACTINIDES; ALPHA DECAY; CATIONS; CERAMICS; DECAY; ION EXCHANGE; PROCESSING; RADIATION EFFECTS; RADIATIONS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; SORPTION; US DOE

Citation Formats

Wang, Lu-Min, and Ewing, Rodney C. Radiation Effects on Materials in the Near-Field of a Nuclear Waste Repository. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/827068.
Wang, Lu-Min, & Ewing, Rodney C. Radiation Effects on Materials in the Near-Field of a Nuclear Waste Repository. United States. doi:10.2172/827068.
Wang, Lu-Min, and Ewing, Rodney C. Thu . "Radiation Effects on Materials in the Near-Field of a Nuclear Waste Repository". United States. doi:10.2172/827068. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/827068.
@article{osti_827068,
title = {Radiation Effects on Materials in the Near-Field of a Nuclear Waste Repository},
author = {Wang, Lu-Min and Ewing, Rodney C},
abstractNote = {Site restoration activities at US DOE facilities and the permanent disposal of nuclear waste generated at DOE facilities require working with and within various types and levels of radiation fields. Once the nuclear waste is incorporated into a final form, radioactive decay will decrease the radiation field over geologic time scales, but the alpha-decay dose for these solids will still reach values as high as 1018 alpha-decay events/gm in periods as short as 1,000 years. This dose is well within the range for which important chemical (e.g., increased leach rate) and physical (e.g., volume expansion) changes may occur in crystalline ceramics. Release and sorption of long-lived actinides can also provide a radiation exposure to backfill materials, and changes in important retardation properties (e.g., cation exchange capacity) may occur. The objective of this research program has been to evaluate the long-term radiation effects in materials used in processing high-level nuclear waste or materials in the near-field of a nuclear waste repository.},
doi = {10.2172/827068},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {6}
}

Technical Report:

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