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Title: Novel Spin Effects in QCD

Abstract

Measurements from HERMES, SMC, and Jlab show a significant single-spin asymmetry in semi-inclusive pion leptoproduction {gamma}*(q)p {yields} {pi}X when the proton is polarized normal to the photon-to-pion production plane. Hwang, Schmidt, and I [1] have shown that final-state interactions from gluon exchange between the outgoing quark and the target spectator system lead to such single-spin asymmetries at leading twist in perturbative QCD; i.e., the rescattering corrections are not power-law suppressed at large photon virtuality Q{sup 2} at fixed x{sub bj}. The existence of such single-spin asymmetries (the Sivers effect) requires a phase difference between two amplitudes coupling the proton target with J{sub p}{sup z} = {+-} 1/2 to the same final-state, the same amplitudes which are necessary to produce a nonzero proton anomalous magnetic moment. The single-spin asymmetry which arises from such final-state interactions is in addition to the Collins effect which measures the transversity distribution {delta}q(x, Q). The Sivers effect also leads to a leading-twist target single-spin asymmetry for jet production in electroproduction where the thrust axis is used to define the production plane. More generally, Hoyer, Marchal, Peigne, Sannino, and I [2] have shown that one cannot neglect the interactions which occur between the times of the currentsmore » in the current correlator even in light-cone gauge. For example, the final-state interactions lead to the Bjorken-scaling diffractive component {gamma}*p {yields} pX of deep inelastic scattering. Since the gluons exchanged in the final state carry negligible k{sup +}, the Pomeron structure function closely resembles that of the primary gluon. The diffractive scattering of the fast outgoing quarks on spectators in the target in turn causes shadowing in the DIS cross section. These effects highlight the unexpected importance of final- and initial-state interactions in QCD observables, they lead to leading-twist single-spin asymmetries, diffraction, and nuclear shadowing, phenomena not included in the light-front wavefunctions of the target computed in isolation. Alternatively, as discussed by Belitsky, Ji, and Yuan [3], one can augment the light-front wavefunctions by including the phases induced by initial and final state interactions. Such wave-functions correspond to solving the light-front bound state equation in an external field. Similar initial and final state interactions also lead to Sivers-type single-spin asymmetries in Drell-Yan processes and inclusive hadron reactions such as pp {up_arrow}{yields} {pi}X, and heavy quark production, processes which will be important to study in polarized proton experiments at RHIC.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (US)
OSTI Identifier:
826699
Report Number(s):
SLAC-WP-042
TRN: US0404125
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 15 Jan 2004
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; BOUND STATE; CROSS SECTIONS; DEEP INELASTIC SCATTERING; FINAL-STATE INTERACTIONS; HADRON REACTIONS; LIGHT CONE; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; POMERANCHUK PARTICLES; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS; SPIN; STRUCTURE FUNCTIONS; WAVE FUNCTIONS

Citation Formats

Brodsky, S. Novel Spin Effects in QCD. United States: N. p., 2004. Web. doi:10.2172/826699.
Brodsky, S. Novel Spin Effects in QCD. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/826699
Brodsky, S. 2004. "Novel Spin Effects in QCD". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/826699. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/826699.
@article{osti_826699,
title = {Novel Spin Effects in QCD},
author = {Brodsky, S},
abstractNote = {Measurements from HERMES, SMC, and Jlab show a significant single-spin asymmetry in semi-inclusive pion leptoproduction {gamma}*(q)p {yields} {pi}X when the proton is polarized normal to the photon-to-pion production plane. Hwang, Schmidt, and I [1] have shown that final-state interactions from gluon exchange between the outgoing quark and the target spectator system lead to such single-spin asymmetries at leading twist in perturbative QCD; i.e., the rescattering corrections are not power-law suppressed at large photon virtuality Q{sup 2} at fixed x{sub bj}. The existence of such single-spin asymmetries (the Sivers effect) requires a phase difference between two amplitudes coupling the proton target with J{sub p}{sup z} = {+-} 1/2 to the same final-state, the same amplitudes which are necessary to produce a nonzero proton anomalous magnetic moment. The single-spin asymmetry which arises from such final-state interactions is in addition to the Collins effect which measures the transversity distribution {delta}q(x, Q). The Sivers effect also leads to a leading-twist target single-spin asymmetry for jet production in electroproduction where the thrust axis is used to define the production plane. More generally, Hoyer, Marchal, Peigne, Sannino, and I [2] have shown that one cannot neglect the interactions which occur between the times of the currents in the current correlator even in light-cone gauge. For example, the final-state interactions lead to the Bjorken-scaling diffractive component {gamma}*p {yields} pX of deep inelastic scattering. Since the gluons exchanged in the final state carry negligible k{sup +}, the Pomeron structure function closely resembles that of the primary gluon. The diffractive scattering of the fast outgoing quarks on spectators in the target in turn causes shadowing in the DIS cross section. These effects highlight the unexpected importance of final- and initial-state interactions in QCD observables, they lead to leading-twist single-spin asymmetries, diffraction, and nuclear shadowing, phenomena not included in the light-front wavefunctions of the target computed in isolation. Alternatively, as discussed by Belitsky, Ji, and Yuan [3], one can augment the light-front wavefunctions by including the phases induced by initial and final state interactions. Such wave-functions correspond to solving the light-front bound state equation in an external field. Similar initial and final state interactions also lead to Sivers-type single-spin asymmetries in Drell-Yan processes and inclusive hadron reactions such as pp {up_arrow}{yields} {pi}X, and heavy quark production, processes which will be important to study in polarized proton experiments at RHIC.},
doi = {10.2172/826699},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/826699}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2004},
month = {1}
}