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Title: The Study for Recycling NORM - Contaminated Steel Scraps from Steel Industry

Abstract

Since 1994, most of the major steel industries in Taiwan have installed portal monitor to detect the abnormal radiation in metal scrap feed. As a result, the discovery of NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material) has increased in recent years. In order to save the natural resources and promote radiation protection, an experimental melting process for the NORM contaminated steel scraps was carried out by the Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER) Taiwan, ROC. The experimental melting process has a pretreatment step that includes a series of cutting and removal of scales, sludge, as well as combustible and volatile materials on/in the steel scraps. After pretreatment the surface of the steel scraps are relatively clean. Then the scraps are melted by a pilot-type induction furnace. This experiment finally produced seven ingots with a total weight of 2,849 kg and 96.8% recovery. All of the surface dose rates are of the background values. The activity concentrations of these ingots are also below the regulatory criteria. Thus, these NORM-bearing steel scraps are ready for recycling. This study has been granted by the regulatory authority.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, AEC, Lung-Tan (TW)
Sponsoring Org.:
none (US)
OSTI Identifier:
825862
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Waste Management 2003 Symposium, Tucson, AZ (US), 02/23/2003--02/27/2003; Other Information: PBD: 24 Feb 2003
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; DOSE RATES; INDUCTION FURNACES; MELTING; METAL INDUSTRY; MONITORS; NUCLEAR ENERGY; RADIATION PROTECTION; RADIATIONS; RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS; RECYCLING; REMOVAL; SCRAP; STEELS; TAIWAN; WASTE MANAGEMENT

Citation Formats

Tsai, K F, Lee, Y S, and Chao, H E. The Study for Recycling NORM - Contaminated Steel Scraps from Steel Industry. United States: N. p., 2003. Web.
Tsai, K F, Lee, Y S, & Chao, H E. The Study for Recycling NORM - Contaminated Steel Scraps from Steel Industry. United States.
Tsai, K F, Lee, Y S, and Chao, H E. Mon . "The Study for Recycling NORM - Contaminated Steel Scraps from Steel Industry". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/825862.
@article{osti_825862,
title = {The Study for Recycling NORM - Contaminated Steel Scraps from Steel Industry},
author = {Tsai, K F and Lee, Y S and Chao, H E},
abstractNote = {Since 1994, most of the major steel industries in Taiwan have installed portal monitor to detect the abnormal radiation in metal scrap feed. As a result, the discovery of NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material) has increased in recent years. In order to save the natural resources and promote radiation protection, an experimental melting process for the NORM contaminated steel scraps was carried out by the Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER) Taiwan, ROC. The experimental melting process has a pretreatment step that includes a series of cutting and removal of scales, sludge, as well as combustible and volatile materials on/in the steel scraps. After pretreatment the surface of the steel scraps are relatively clean. Then the scraps are melted by a pilot-type induction furnace. This experiment finally produced seven ingots with a total weight of 2,849 kg and 96.8% recovery. All of the surface dose rates are of the background values. The activity concentrations of these ingots are also below the regulatory criteria. Thus, these NORM-bearing steel scraps are ready for recycling. This study has been granted by the regulatory authority.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {2}
}

Conference:
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