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Title: ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL MODEL FOR THREE-PHASE SLURRY REACTORS

Abstract

In the first year of the project, solid-fluid mixture flows in ducts and passages at different angle of orientations were analyzed. The model predictions are compared with the experimental data and good agreement was found. Progress was also made in analyzing the gravity chute flows of solid-liquid mixtures. An Eulerian-Lagrangian formulation for analyzing three-phase slurry flows in a bubble column is being developed. The approach uses an Eulerian analysis of gas liquid flows in the bubble column, and makes use of the Lagrangian particle tracking procedure to analyze the particle motions. Progress was also made in developing a rate dependent thermodynamically consistent model for multiphase slurry flows in a state of turbulent motion. The new model includes the effect of phasic interactions and leads to anisotropic effective phasic stress tensors. Progress was also made in measuring concentration and velocity of particles of different sizes near a wall in a duct flow. The formulation of a thermodynamically consistent model for chemically active multiphase solid-fluid flows in a turbulent state of motion was also initiated. The general objective of this project is to provide the needed fundamental understanding of three-phase slurry reactors in Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) liquid fuel synthesis. The other main goalmore » is to develop a computational capability for predicting the transport and processing of three-phase coal slurries. The specific objectives are: (1) To develop a thermodynamically consistent rate-dependent anisotropic model for multiphase slurry flows with and without chemical reaction for application to coal liquefaction. Also to establish the material parameters of the model. (2) To provide experimental data for phasic fluctuation and mean velocities, as well as the solid volume fraction in the shear flow devices. (3) To develop an accurate computational capability incorporating the new rate-dependent and anisotropic model for analyzing reacting and nonreacting slurry flows, and to solve a number of technologically important problems related to Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) liquid fuel production processes. (4) To verify the validity of the developed model by comparing the predicted results with the performed and the available experimental data under idealized conditions.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Clarkson University (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
(US)
OSTI Identifier:
825379
DOE Contract Number:  
FG26-99FT40584
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Nov 2000
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; 21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; BUBBLES; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; COAL; COAL LIQUEFACTION; DUCTS; FLUCTUATIONS; LAGRANGIAN FUNCTION; LIQUID FLOW; LIQUID FUELS; MIXTURES; SHEAR; SLURRIES; SLURRY REACTORS; SYNTHESIS; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Goodarz Ahmadi. ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL MODEL FOR THREE-PHASE SLURRY REACTORS. United States: N. p., 2000. Web. doi:10.2172/825379.
Goodarz Ahmadi. ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL MODEL FOR THREE-PHASE SLURRY REACTORS. United States. doi:10.2172/825379.
Goodarz Ahmadi. Wed . "ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL MODEL FOR THREE-PHASE SLURRY REACTORS". United States. doi:10.2172/825379. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/825379.
@article{osti_825379,
title = {ADVANCED COMPUTATIONAL MODEL FOR THREE-PHASE SLURRY REACTORS},
author = {Goodarz Ahmadi},
abstractNote = {In the first year of the project, solid-fluid mixture flows in ducts and passages at different angle of orientations were analyzed. The model predictions are compared with the experimental data and good agreement was found. Progress was also made in analyzing the gravity chute flows of solid-liquid mixtures. An Eulerian-Lagrangian formulation for analyzing three-phase slurry flows in a bubble column is being developed. The approach uses an Eulerian analysis of gas liquid flows in the bubble column, and makes use of the Lagrangian particle tracking procedure to analyze the particle motions. Progress was also made in developing a rate dependent thermodynamically consistent model for multiphase slurry flows in a state of turbulent motion. The new model includes the effect of phasic interactions and leads to anisotropic effective phasic stress tensors. Progress was also made in measuring concentration and velocity of particles of different sizes near a wall in a duct flow. The formulation of a thermodynamically consistent model for chemically active multiphase solid-fluid flows in a turbulent state of motion was also initiated. The general objective of this project is to provide the needed fundamental understanding of three-phase slurry reactors in Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) liquid fuel synthesis. The other main goal is to develop a computational capability for predicting the transport and processing of three-phase coal slurries. The specific objectives are: (1) To develop a thermodynamically consistent rate-dependent anisotropic model for multiphase slurry flows with and without chemical reaction for application to coal liquefaction. Also to establish the material parameters of the model. (2) To provide experimental data for phasic fluctuation and mean velocities, as well as the solid volume fraction in the shear flow devices. (3) To develop an accurate computational capability incorporating the new rate-dependent and anisotropic model for analyzing reacting and nonreacting slurry flows, and to solve a number of technologically important problems related to Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) liquid fuel production processes. (4) To verify the validity of the developed model by comparing the predicted results with the performed and the available experimental data under idealized conditions.},
doi = {10.2172/825379},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {11}
}