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Title: Mechanisms of microstructure development at metallic-interlayer/ceramic interfaces during liquid-film-assisted bonding

Abstract

Alumina has been bonded via copper/niobium/copper interlayers, and correlations have been made between various processing conditions (applied load, processing temperature, copper film thickness, surface roughness, etc.) and strength. Four-point bend strengths and micrographs of fracture surfaces have been used to determine the relationship between processing, microstructure, and properties. Transparent sapphire substrates bonded with copper/niobium/copper interlayers were used in model experiments to track the microstructural development of these ceramic/metal interfaces and to identify the important mechanisms that contribute. High interfacial strengths were generally associated with small unbonded regions, extensive breakup of the copper film into isolated particles, ceramic pullout, and regions of niobium/alumina contact where the grain boundary grooves of the alumina are visible on both sides of the fracture surface. Experiments with sapphire substrates showed that asperities in the niobium and grain boundary grooves in the niobium play an important role in the initiation and growth of sapphire/niobium contact. The presence of a liquid film can enhance the kinetics of sapphire/niobium contact and growth by providing a low-temperature high-diffusivity path. The breakup of the copper film was described using two models that were in fairly close agreement. The breakup of the copper film depended on the asperity density in themore » niobium, niobium grain boundary density, liquid film redistribution, and the breakup of liquid patches via Rayleigh instabilities. The redistribution of the liquid was affected by defect geometry, local film thickness, and local interfacial crystallography. Thermal grooving effects of liquid copper on alumina and niobium were studied using conventional sessile drop experiments. The thermal grooving of one particular grain boundary in alumina when in contact with copper and niobium was studied using a fabricated bicrystal. Both diffusion mechanisms and the dissolution-precipitation reaction of alumina in niobium limited the kinetics of thermal grooving.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
825347
Report Number(s):
LBNL-54185
R&D Project: 512703; TRN: US200423%%31
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Thesis (M.S.); Submitted to the University of California, Berkeley, CA (US); PBD: 1 Dec 2003
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; BONDING; CERAMICS; COPPER; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; DEFECTS; DIFFUSION; FRACTURES; GEOMETRY; KINETICS; MICROSTRUCTURE; NIOBIUM; PROCESSING; ROUGHNESS; SAPPHIRE; SUBSTRATES; THICKNESS; ALUMINA SAPPHIRE NIOBIUM JOINING TRANSIENT LIQUID DEWETTING FRACTURE BRAZING

Citation Formats

Sugar, Joshua D. Mechanisms of microstructure development at metallic-interlayer/ceramic interfaces during liquid-film-assisted bonding. United States: N. p., 2003. Web. doi:10.2172/825347.
Sugar, Joshua D. Mechanisms of microstructure development at metallic-interlayer/ceramic interfaces during liquid-film-assisted bonding. United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/825347
Sugar, Joshua D. 2003. "Mechanisms of microstructure development at metallic-interlayer/ceramic interfaces during liquid-film-assisted bonding". United States. https://doi.org/10.2172/825347. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/825347.
@article{osti_825347,
title = {Mechanisms of microstructure development at metallic-interlayer/ceramic interfaces during liquid-film-assisted bonding},
author = {Sugar, Joshua D.},
abstractNote = {Alumina has been bonded via copper/niobium/copper interlayers, and correlations have been made between various processing conditions (applied load, processing temperature, copper film thickness, surface roughness, etc.) and strength. Four-point bend strengths and micrographs of fracture surfaces have been used to determine the relationship between processing, microstructure, and properties. Transparent sapphire substrates bonded with copper/niobium/copper interlayers were used in model experiments to track the microstructural development of these ceramic/metal interfaces and to identify the important mechanisms that contribute. High interfacial strengths were generally associated with small unbonded regions, extensive breakup of the copper film into isolated particles, ceramic pullout, and regions of niobium/alumina contact where the grain boundary grooves of the alumina are visible on both sides of the fracture surface. Experiments with sapphire substrates showed that asperities in the niobium and grain boundary grooves in the niobium play an important role in the initiation and growth of sapphire/niobium contact. The presence of a liquid film can enhance the kinetics of sapphire/niobium contact and growth by providing a low-temperature high-diffusivity path. The breakup of the copper film was described using two models that were in fairly close agreement. The breakup of the copper film depended on the asperity density in the niobium, niobium grain boundary density, liquid film redistribution, and the breakup of liquid patches via Rayleigh instabilities. The redistribution of the liquid was affected by defect geometry, local film thickness, and local interfacial crystallography. Thermal grooving effects of liquid copper on alumina and niobium were studied using conventional sessile drop experiments. The thermal grooving of one particular grain boundary in alumina when in contact with copper and niobium was studied using a fabricated bicrystal. Both diffusion mechanisms and the dissolution-precipitation reaction of alumina in niobium limited the kinetics of thermal grooving.},
doi = {10.2172/825347},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/825347}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {12}
}

Thesis/Dissertation:
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