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Title: FABRICATION OF GAS-FILLED TUNGSTEN-COATED GLASS SHELLS

Abstract

OAK-B135 Deuterium (D{sub 2}) filled glass shells coated with a high Z element are needed for high energy density (HED) experiments by researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory. They report here on our initial attempt to produce such shells. Glass shells made using the drop tower technique were coated with gold, palladium or tungsten, or a mixture of two of these elements. It was found that gold and palladium coatings did not stick well to the glass and resulted in poor or delaminated films. Tungsten coatings resulted in films suitable for these targets. Bouncing of shells during coating resulted in uniform tungsten coatings, but the surface of such coatings were filled with small nodules. Proper agitation of shells using a tapping technique resulted in smooth films with minimal particulate contamination. For coating rates of {approx} 0.15 {micro}m/hr coatings with {approx} 2 nm RMS surface finish could be deposited. The surface roughness of coatings at higher rates, 0.7 {micro}m/hr, was considerably worse ({approx} 100 nm RMS). The columnar structure of the coatings allowed permeation filling of the tungsten coated glass shells with deuterium at 300 C.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
GENERAL ATOMICS (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
(US)
OSTI Identifier:
823575
Report Number(s):
GA-A24458
TRN: US0401737
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-01SF22260
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 15th TARGET FABRICARTION SPECIALISTS MEETING, GLENEDEN BEACH, OR (US), 06/01/2003--06/05/2003; Other Information: TO BE PUBLISHED IN FUSION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; PBD: 1 Jun 2003
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; COATINGS; DEUTERIUM; ENERGY DENSITY; FABRICATION; GLASS; PALLADIUM; PARTICULATES; ROUGHNESS; TARGETS; TUNGSTEN; MICROSPHERES; GOLD; THERMONUCLEAR REACTOR MATERIALS

Citation Formats

NIKROO,A, BAUGH,W, and STEINMAN,D.A. FABRICATION OF GAS-FILLED TUNGSTEN-COATED GLASS SHELLS. United States: N. p., 2003. Web.
NIKROO,A, BAUGH,W, & STEINMAN,D.A. FABRICATION OF GAS-FILLED TUNGSTEN-COATED GLASS SHELLS. United States.
NIKROO,A, BAUGH,W, and STEINMAN,D.A. Sun . "FABRICATION OF GAS-FILLED TUNGSTEN-COATED GLASS SHELLS". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/823575.
@article{osti_823575,
title = {FABRICATION OF GAS-FILLED TUNGSTEN-COATED GLASS SHELLS},
author = {NIKROO,A and BAUGH,W and STEINMAN,D.A},
abstractNote = {OAK-B135 Deuterium (D{sub 2}) filled glass shells coated with a high Z element are needed for high energy density (HED) experiments by researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory. They report here on our initial attempt to produce such shells. Glass shells made using the drop tower technique were coated with gold, palladium or tungsten, or a mixture of two of these elements. It was found that gold and palladium coatings did not stick well to the glass and resulted in poor or delaminated films. Tungsten coatings resulted in films suitable for these targets. Bouncing of shells during coating resulted in uniform tungsten coatings, but the surface of such coatings were filled with small nodules. Proper agitation of shells using a tapping technique resulted in smooth films with minimal particulate contamination. For coating rates of {approx} 0.15 {micro}m/hr coatings with {approx} 2 nm RMS surface finish could be deposited. The surface roughness of coatings at higher rates, 0.7 {micro}m/hr, was considerably worse ({approx} 100 nm RMS). The columnar structure of the coatings allowed permeation filling of the tungsten coated glass shells with deuterium at 300 C.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {6}
}

Conference:
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