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Title: Development of comprehensive models for opacities and radiation transport for IFE systems.

Abstract

An ignition in an inertial confinement fusion (ICF) reactor results in X-ray spectra and ion fluxes moving toward the chamber wall with different velocities. During flight, parts of the energy will be deposited either in the residual and/or protective chamber gas or in the initial vapor cloud developed near the wall surface from vaporization. The deposited energy will be re-radiated to the chamber wall long after the ignition process. The exact amount of energy deposited/radiated and time of deposition are key issues in evaluating the chamber response and the economical feasibility of an ICF reactor. The radiation processes in the protective gas layer or in the vapor cloud developed above the first wall play an important role in the overall dynamics of the ICF chamber. A self-consistent field method has been developed to calculate ionization potentials, atom and ion energy levels, transition probabilities, and other atomic properties used to calculate thermodynamic and optical characteristics of the plasma by means of collisional-radiation equilibrium (CRE). The methodology of solving radiation transport equations in spherical geometry and the dependence of results on the chosen theoretical model are demonstrated using the method of inward/outward directions.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., Argonne, IL (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
820525
Report Number(s):
ANL-ET/02-23
TRN: US0400179
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 18 Jun 2003
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ATOMS; CLOUDS; DEPOSITION; ENERGY LEVELS; EVAPORATION; FIRST WALL; IGNITION; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; IONIZATION POTENTIAL; RADIATION TRANSPORT; RADIATIONS; SELF-CONSISTENT FIELD; THERMODYNAMICS; X-RAY SPECTRA

Citation Formats

Tolkach, V, Morozov, V, and Hassanein, A. Development of comprehensive models for opacities and radiation transport for IFE systems.. United States: N. p., 2003. Web. doi:10.2172/820525.
Tolkach, V, Morozov, V, & Hassanein, A. Development of comprehensive models for opacities and radiation transport for IFE systems.. United States. doi:10.2172/820525.
Tolkach, V, Morozov, V, and Hassanein, A. Wed . "Development of comprehensive models for opacities and radiation transport for IFE systems.". United States. doi:10.2172/820525. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/820525.
@article{osti_820525,
title = {Development of comprehensive models for opacities and radiation transport for IFE systems.},
author = {Tolkach, V and Morozov, V and Hassanein, A},
abstractNote = {An ignition in an inertial confinement fusion (ICF) reactor results in X-ray spectra and ion fluxes moving toward the chamber wall with different velocities. During flight, parts of the energy will be deposited either in the residual and/or protective chamber gas or in the initial vapor cloud developed near the wall surface from vaporization. The deposited energy will be re-radiated to the chamber wall long after the ignition process. The exact amount of energy deposited/radiated and time of deposition are key issues in evaluating the chamber response and the economical feasibility of an ICF reactor. The radiation processes in the protective gas layer or in the vapor cloud developed above the first wall play an important role in the overall dynamics of the ICF chamber. A self-consistent field method has been developed to calculate ionization potentials, atom and ion energy levels, transition probabilities, and other atomic properties used to calculate thermodynamic and optical characteristics of the plasma by means of collisional-radiation equilibrium (CRE). The methodology of solving radiation transport equations in spherical geometry and the dependence of results on the chosen theoretical model are demonstrated using the method of inward/outward directions.},
doi = {10.2172/820525},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {6}
}

Technical Report:

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