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Title: Sorption Modeling of Strontium, Plutonium, Uranium and Neptunium Adsorption on Monosodium Titanate

Abstract

We examined the ability of various equilibrium isotherms to replicate the available data for the adsorption of strontium (Sr), plutonium (Pu), uranium (U) and neptunium (Np) on monosodium titanate (MST) during the treatment of simulated and actual Savannah River Site high-level waste. The analysis considered 29 isotherm models from the literature. As part of this study, we developed a general method for selecting the best isotherm models. The selection criteria for rating the isotherms considered the relative error in predicting the experimental data, the complexity of the mathematical expressions, the thermodynamic validity of the expressions, and statistical significance for the expressions. The Fowler Guggenheim-Jovanovic Freundlich (FG-JF), the Fowler Guggenheim-Langmuir Freundlich (FG-LF) and the Dubinin-Astashov (DA) models each reliably predicted the actinide and strontium adsorption on MST. The first two models describe the adsorption process by single layer formation and later al interactions between adsorbed sorbates while the Dubinin-Astashov model assumes volume filling of micropores (by osmotic pressure difference). These two mechanisms include mutually exclusive assumptions. However, we can not determine which model best represents the various adsorption mechanisms on MST. Based on our analysis, the DA model predicted the data well. The DA model assumes that an initial sorption layermore » forms after which networking begins in the pore spaces, filling the volume by a second mechanism. If this mechanism occurs in MST, as the experimental data suggests, then we expect all the empty and closed spaces of MST to contain actinides and strontium when saturated. Prior microstructure analyses determined that the MST surface is best described as heterogeneous (i.e., a semi-crystalline outer layer on an amorphous core) or composite material for adsorption. Therefore, we expect the empty spaces (of nanometer size) between the crystalline units in the fibrous material to provide sorption area for the actinides and strontium. Since each of the three models work reliably, we recommend use of the computationally simplest model as the primary tool until future work can differentiate between the two mechanisms. The Dubinin-Astashov model possesses a simpler mathematical form with fewer parameters and operations.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Savannah River Site (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
817622
Report Number(s):
WSRC-TR-2003-00180
TRN: US200430%%2092
DOE Contract Number:  
AC09-96SR18500
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 30 Oct 2003
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACTINIDES; ADSORPTION; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; ISOTHERMS; MICROSTRUCTURE; NEPTUNIUM; PLUTONIUM; SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT; SIMULATION; SORPTION; STRONTIUM; THERMODYNAMICS; TITANATES; URANIUM

Citation Formats

Fondeur, F F. Sorption Modeling of Strontium, Plutonium, Uranium and Neptunium Adsorption on Monosodium Titanate. United States: N. p., 2003. Web. doi:10.2172/817622.
Fondeur, F F. Sorption Modeling of Strontium, Plutonium, Uranium and Neptunium Adsorption on Monosodium Titanate. United States. doi:10.2172/817622.
Fondeur, F F. Thu . "Sorption Modeling of Strontium, Plutonium, Uranium and Neptunium Adsorption on Monosodium Titanate". United States. doi:10.2172/817622. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/817622.
@article{osti_817622,
title = {Sorption Modeling of Strontium, Plutonium, Uranium and Neptunium Adsorption on Monosodium Titanate},
author = {Fondeur, F F},
abstractNote = {We examined the ability of various equilibrium isotherms to replicate the available data for the adsorption of strontium (Sr), plutonium (Pu), uranium (U) and neptunium (Np) on monosodium titanate (MST) during the treatment of simulated and actual Savannah River Site high-level waste. The analysis considered 29 isotherm models from the literature. As part of this study, we developed a general method for selecting the best isotherm models. The selection criteria for rating the isotherms considered the relative error in predicting the experimental data, the complexity of the mathematical expressions, the thermodynamic validity of the expressions, and statistical significance for the expressions. The Fowler Guggenheim-Jovanovic Freundlich (FG-JF), the Fowler Guggenheim-Langmuir Freundlich (FG-LF) and the Dubinin-Astashov (DA) models each reliably predicted the actinide and strontium adsorption on MST. The first two models describe the adsorption process by single layer formation and later al interactions between adsorbed sorbates while the Dubinin-Astashov model assumes volume filling of micropores (by osmotic pressure difference). These two mechanisms include mutually exclusive assumptions. However, we can not determine which model best represents the various adsorption mechanisms on MST. Based on our analysis, the DA model predicted the data well. The DA model assumes that an initial sorption layer forms after which networking begins in the pore spaces, filling the volume by a second mechanism. If this mechanism occurs in MST, as the experimental data suggests, then we expect all the empty and closed spaces of MST to contain actinides and strontium when saturated. Prior microstructure analyses determined that the MST surface is best described as heterogeneous (i.e., a semi-crystalline outer layer on an amorphous core) or composite material for adsorption. Therefore, we expect the empty spaces (of nanometer size) between the crystalline units in the fibrous material to provide sorption area for the actinides and strontium. Since each of the three models work reliably, we recommend use of the computationally simplest model as the primary tool until future work can differentiate between the two mechanisms. The Dubinin-Astashov model possesses a simpler mathematical form with fewer parameters and operations.},
doi = {10.2172/817622},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {10}
}

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