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Title: Extruding plastic scintillator at Fermilab

Abstract

An understanding of the costs involved in the production of plastic scintillators and the development of a less expensive material have become necessary with the prospects of building very large plastic scintillation detectors. Several factors contribute to the high cost of plastic scintillating sheets, but the principal reason is the labor-intensive nature of the manufacturing process. In order to significantly lower the costs, the current casting procedures had to be abandoned. Since polystyrene is widely used in the consumer industry, the logical path was to investigate the extrusion of commercial-grade polystyrene pellets with dopants to yield high quality plastic scintillator. This concept was tested and high quality extruded plastic scintillator was produced. The D0 and MINOS experiments are already using extruded scintillator strips in their detectors. An extrusion line has recently been installed at Fermilab in collaboration with NICADD (Northern Illinois Center for Accelerator and Detector Development). This new facility will serve to further develop and improve extruded plastic scintillator. This paper will discuss the characteristics of extruded plastic scintillator and its raw materials, the different manufacturing techniques and the current R&D program at Fermilab.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Research (ER) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
816719
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-Conf-03/318-E
TRN: US0305117
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-76CH03000
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: IEEE 2003 NSS, Portland, OR (US), 10/19/2003--10/25/2003; Other Information: PBD: 31 Oct 2003
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; ACCELERATORS; CASTING; EXTRUSION; FERMILAB; MANUFACTURING; PELLETS; PHOSPHORS; PLASTIC SCINTILLATION DETECTORS; PLASTIC SCINTILLATORS; PLASTICS; POLYSTYRENE; PRODUCTION; RAW MATERIALS

Citation Formats

Anna Pla-Dalmau, Alan D. Bross, and Victor V. Rykalin. Extruding plastic scintillator at Fermilab. United States: N. p., 2003. Web.
Anna Pla-Dalmau, Alan D. Bross, & Victor V. Rykalin. Extruding plastic scintillator at Fermilab. United States.
Anna Pla-Dalmau, Alan D. Bross, and Victor V. Rykalin. Fri . "Extruding plastic scintillator at Fermilab". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/816719.
@article{osti_816719,
title = {Extruding plastic scintillator at Fermilab},
author = {Anna Pla-Dalmau and Alan D. Bross and Victor V. Rykalin},
abstractNote = {An understanding of the costs involved in the production of plastic scintillators and the development of a less expensive material have become necessary with the prospects of building very large plastic scintillation detectors. Several factors contribute to the high cost of plastic scintillating sheets, but the principal reason is the labor-intensive nature of the manufacturing process. In order to significantly lower the costs, the current casting procedures had to be abandoned. Since polystyrene is widely used in the consumer industry, the logical path was to investigate the extrusion of commercial-grade polystyrene pellets with dopants to yield high quality plastic scintillator. This concept was tested and high quality extruded plastic scintillator was produced. The D0 and MINOS experiments are already using extruded scintillator strips in their detectors. An extrusion line has recently been installed at Fermilab in collaboration with NICADD (Northern Illinois Center for Accelerator and Detector Development). This new facility will serve to further develop and improve extruded plastic scintillator. This paper will discuss the characteristics of extruded plastic scintillator and its raw materials, the different manufacturing techniques and the current R&D program at Fermilab.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Oct 31 00:00:00 EST 2003},
month = {Fri Oct 31 00:00:00 EST 2003}
}

Conference:
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