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Title: MULTI-PHASE FRACTURE-MATRIX INTERACTIONS UNDER STRESS CHANGES

Abstract

The main objectives of this project are to quantify the changes in fracture porosity and multiphase transport properties as a function of confining stress. These changes will be integrated into conceptual and numerical models that will improve our ability to predict and optimize fluid transport in fractured system. This report details our progress on: (1) developing the direct experimental measurements of fracture aperture and topology using high-resolution x-ray microtomography, (2) modeling of fracture permeability in the presence of asperities and confining stress, and (3) simulation of two-phase fluid flow in a fracture and a layered matrix. The three-dimensional surface that describes the large-scale structure of the fracture in the porous medium can be determined using x-ray micro-tomography with significant accuracy. The distribution of fracture aperture is a difficult issue that we are studying and developing methods of quantification. The difficulties are both numerical and conceptual. Numerically, the three-dimensional data sets include millions, and sometimes, billions of points, and pose a computational challenge. The conceptual difficulties derive from the rough nature of the fracture surfaces, and the heterogeneous nature of the rock matrix. However, the high-resolution obtained by the imaging system provides us a much needed measuring environment on rock samplesmore » that are subjected to simultaneous fluid flow and confining stress. Pilot multi-phase experiments have been performed, proving the ability to detect two phases in certain large fractures. The absolute permeability of a fracture depends on the behavior of the asperities that keep it open. A model is being developed that predicts the permeability and average aperture of a fracture as a function of time under steady flow of water including the pressure solution at the asperity contact points. Several two-phase flow experiments in the presence of a fracture tip were performed in the past. At the present time, we are developing an inverse process using a simulation model to understand the fluid flow patterns in the presence of a fracture, and the interactions between fluid flow in the fracture and the adjacent matrix. Preliminary results demonstrate that the flow patterns are significantly impacted by the presence of the fracture. Bypassing is quantified and we expect to be able to extract from the modeling the distribution of properties in the fracture and the adjacent matrix.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
The Pennsylvania State University (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
(US)
OSTI Identifier:
813456
DOE Contract Number:  
FC26-01BC15355
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 28 Oct 2002
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 58 GEOSCIENCES; FLUID FLOW; GEOLOGIC FRACTURES; PERMEABILITY; POROSITY; STEADY FLOW; TOPOLOGY; TWO-PHASE FLOW; MULTIPHASE FLOW; FLOW MODELS

Citation Formats

A.S. Grader, D. Elsworth, P.M. Halleck, F. Alvarado, H. Yasuhara, A. Alajmi, and Z. Karpyn. MULTI-PHASE FRACTURE-MATRIX INTERACTIONS UNDER STRESS CHANGES. United States: N. p., 2002. Web. doi:10.2172/813456.
A.S. Grader, D. Elsworth, P.M. Halleck, F. Alvarado, H. Yasuhara, A. Alajmi, & Z. Karpyn. MULTI-PHASE FRACTURE-MATRIX INTERACTIONS UNDER STRESS CHANGES. United States. doi:10.2172/813456.
A.S. Grader, D. Elsworth, P.M. Halleck, F. Alvarado, H. Yasuhara, A. Alajmi, and Z. Karpyn. Mon . "MULTI-PHASE FRACTURE-MATRIX INTERACTIONS UNDER STRESS CHANGES". United States. doi:10.2172/813456. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/813456.
@article{osti_813456,
title = {MULTI-PHASE FRACTURE-MATRIX INTERACTIONS UNDER STRESS CHANGES},
author = {A.S. Grader and D. Elsworth and P.M. Halleck and F. Alvarado and H. Yasuhara and A. Alajmi and Z. Karpyn},
abstractNote = {The main objectives of this project are to quantify the changes in fracture porosity and multiphase transport properties as a function of confining stress. These changes will be integrated into conceptual and numerical models that will improve our ability to predict and optimize fluid transport in fractured system. This report details our progress on: (1) developing the direct experimental measurements of fracture aperture and topology using high-resolution x-ray microtomography, (2) modeling of fracture permeability in the presence of asperities and confining stress, and (3) simulation of two-phase fluid flow in a fracture and a layered matrix. The three-dimensional surface that describes the large-scale structure of the fracture in the porous medium can be determined using x-ray micro-tomography with significant accuracy. The distribution of fracture aperture is a difficult issue that we are studying and developing methods of quantification. The difficulties are both numerical and conceptual. Numerically, the three-dimensional data sets include millions, and sometimes, billions of points, and pose a computational challenge. The conceptual difficulties derive from the rough nature of the fracture surfaces, and the heterogeneous nature of the rock matrix. However, the high-resolution obtained by the imaging system provides us a much needed measuring environment on rock samples that are subjected to simultaneous fluid flow and confining stress. Pilot multi-phase experiments have been performed, proving the ability to detect two phases in certain large fractures. The absolute permeability of a fracture depends on the behavior of the asperities that keep it open. A model is being developed that predicts the permeability and average aperture of a fracture as a function of time under steady flow of water including the pressure solution at the asperity contact points. Several two-phase flow experiments in the presence of a fracture tip were performed in the past. At the present time, we are developing an inverse process using a simulation model to understand the fluid flow patterns in the presence of a fracture, and the interactions between fluid flow in the fracture and the adjacent matrix. Preliminary results demonstrate that the flow patterns are significantly impacted by the presence of the fracture. Bypassing is quantified and we expect to be able to extract from the modeling the distribution of properties in the fracture and the adjacent matrix.},
doi = {10.2172/813456},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Oct 28 00:00:00 EST 2002},
month = {Mon Oct 28 00:00:00 EST 2002}
}

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