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Title: Biosphere Modeling and Analyses in Support of Total System Performance Assessment

Abstract

The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 established the obligations of and the relationship between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for the management and disposal of high-level radioactive wastes. In 1985, the EPA promulgated regulations that included a definition of performance assessment that did not consider potential dose to a member of the general public. This definition would influence the scope of activities conducted by DOE in support of the total system performance assessment program until 1995. The release of a National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report on the technical basis for a Yucca Mountain-specific standard provided the impetus for the DOE to initiate activities that would consider the attributes of the biosphere, i.e. that portion of the earth where living things, including man, exist and interact with the environment around them. The evolution of NRC and EPA Yucca Mountain-specific regulations, originally proposed in 1999, was critical to the development and integration of biosphere modeling and analyses into the total system performance assessment program. These proposed regulations initially differed in the conceptual representation of the receptor of interest to be considered in assessing performance. The publicationmore » in 2001 of final regulations in which the NRC adopted standard will permit the continued improvement and refinement of biosphere modeling and analyses activities in support of assessment activities.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Yucca Mountain Project, Las Vegas, Nevada (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
805592
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 6 Dec 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; BIOSPHERE; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; MANAGEMENT; NUCLEAR WASTE POLICY ACTS; PERFORMANCE; REGULATIONS; SIMULATION; US EPA

Citation Formats

Jeff Tappen, M.A. Wasiolek, D.W. Wu, and J.F. Schmitt. Biosphere Modeling and Analyses in Support of Total System Performance Assessment. United States: N. p., 2001. Web. doi:10.2172/805592.
Jeff Tappen, M.A. Wasiolek, D.W. Wu, & J.F. Schmitt. Biosphere Modeling and Analyses in Support of Total System Performance Assessment. United States. doi:10.2172/805592.
Jeff Tappen, M.A. Wasiolek, D.W. Wu, and J.F. Schmitt. Thu . "Biosphere Modeling and Analyses in Support of Total System Performance Assessment". United States. doi:10.2172/805592. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/805592.
@article{osti_805592,
title = {Biosphere Modeling and Analyses in Support of Total System Performance Assessment},
author = {Jeff Tappen and M.A. Wasiolek and D.W. Wu and J.F. Schmitt},
abstractNote = {The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 established the obligations of and the relationship between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for the management and disposal of high-level radioactive wastes. In 1985, the EPA promulgated regulations that included a definition of performance assessment that did not consider potential dose to a member of the general public. This definition would influence the scope of activities conducted by DOE in support of the total system performance assessment program until 1995. The release of a National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report on the technical basis for a Yucca Mountain-specific standard provided the impetus for the DOE to initiate activities that would consider the attributes of the biosphere, i.e. that portion of the earth where living things, including man, exist and interact with the environment around them. The evolution of NRC and EPA Yucca Mountain-specific regulations, originally proposed in 1999, was critical to the development and integration of biosphere modeling and analyses into the total system performance assessment program. These proposed regulations initially differed in the conceptual representation of the receptor of interest to be considered in assessing performance. The publication in 2001 of final regulations in which the NRC adopted standard will permit the continued improvement and refinement of biosphere modeling and analyses activities in support of assessment activities.},
doi = {10.2172/805592},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {12}
}