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Title: LONG PULSE ADVANCED TOKAMAK DISCHARGES IN THE DIII-D TOKAMAK

Abstract

One of the main goals for the DIII-D research program is to establish an advanced tokamak plasma with high bootstrap current fraction that can be sustained in-principle steady-state. Substantial progress has been made in several areas during the last year. The resistive wall mode stabilization has been done with spinning plasmas in which the plasma pressure has been extended well above the no-wall beta limit. The 3/2 neoclassical tearing mode has been stabilized by the injection of ECH into the magnetic islands, which drives current to substitute the missing bootstrap current. In these experiments either the plasma was moved or the toroidal field was changed to overlap the ECCD resonance with the location of the NTMs. Effective disruption mitigation has been obtained by massive noble gas injection into shots where disruptions were deliberately triggered. The massive gas puff causes a fast and clean current quench with essentially all the plasma energy radiated fairly uniformly to the vessel walls. The run-away electrons that are normally seen accompanying disruptions are suppressed by the large density of electrons still bound on the impurity nuclei. Major elements required to establish integrated, long-pulse, advanced tokamak operations have been achieved in DIII-D: {beta}{sub T} = 4.2%,more » {beta}{sub p} = 2, f{sub BS} = 65%, and {beta}{sub N}H{sub 89} = 10 for 600 ms ({approx} 4{tau}{sub E}). The next challenge is to integrate the different elements, which will be the goal for the next five years when additional control will be available. Twelve resistive wall mode coils are scheduled to be installed in DIII-D during the summer of 2003. The future plans include upgrading the tokamak pulse length capability and increasing the ECH power, to control the current profile evolution.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
GENERAL ATOMICS (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
(US)
OSTI Identifier:
804885
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-99ER54463
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
NUCLEAR FUSION
Additional Journal Information:
Other Information: Submitted to NUCLEAR FUSION; PBD: 1 Jun 2002
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; BOOTSTRAP CURRENT; DOUBLET-3 DEVICE; ELECTRONS; GAS INJECTION; MAGNETIC ISLANDS; MITIGATION; NUCLEI; PLASMA PRESSURE; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; RESONANCE; STABILIZATION

Citation Formats

PETERSEN, P I. LONG PULSE ADVANCED TOKAMAK DISCHARGES IN THE DIII-D TOKAMAK. United States: N. p., 2002. Web.
PETERSEN, P I. LONG PULSE ADVANCED TOKAMAK DISCHARGES IN THE DIII-D TOKAMAK. United States.
PETERSEN, P I. Sat . "LONG PULSE ADVANCED TOKAMAK DISCHARGES IN THE DIII-D TOKAMAK". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/804885.
@article{osti_804885,
title = {LONG PULSE ADVANCED TOKAMAK DISCHARGES IN THE DIII-D TOKAMAK},
author = {PETERSEN, P I},
abstractNote = {One of the main goals for the DIII-D research program is to establish an advanced tokamak plasma with high bootstrap current fraction that can be sustained in-principle steady-state. Substantial progress has been made in several areas during the last year. The resistive wall mode stabilization has been done with spinning plasmas in which the plasma pressure has been extended well above the no-wall beta limit. The 3/2 neoclassical tearing mode has been stabilized by the injection of ECH into the magnetic islands, which drives current to substitute the missing bootstrap current. In these experiments either the plasma was moved or the toroidal field was changed to overlap the ECCD resonance with the location of the NTMs. Effective disruption mitigation has been obtained by massive noble gas injection into shots where disruptions were deliberately triggered. The massive gas puff causes a fast and clean current quench with essentially all the plasma energy radiated fairly uniformly to the vessel walls. The run-away electrons that are normally seen accompanying disruptions are suppressed by the large density of electrons still bound on the impurity nuclei. Major elements required to establish integrated, long-pulse, advanced tokamak operations have been achieved in DIII-D: {beta}{sub T} = 4.2%, {beta}{sub p} = 2, f{sub BS} = 65%, and {beta}{sub N}H{sub 89} = 10 for 600 ms ({approx} 4{tau}{sub E}). The next challenge is to integrate the different elements, which will be the goal for the next five years when additional control will be available. Twelve resistive wall mode coils are scheduled to be installed in DIII-D during the summer of 2003. The future plans include upgrading the tokamak pulse length capability and increasing the ECH power, to control the current profile evolution.},
doi = {},
journal = {NUCLEAR FUSION},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {6}
}