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Title: Integrated fuel processor development.

Abstract

The Department of Energy's Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies has been supporting the development of fuel-flexible fuel processors at Argonne National Laboratory. These fuel processors will enable fuel cell vehicles to operate on fuels available through the existing infrastructure. The constraints of on-board space and weight require that these fuel processors be designed to be compact and lightweight, while meeting the performance targets for efficiency and gas quality needed for the fuel cell. This paper discusses the performance of a prototype fuel processor that has been designed and fabricated to operate with liquid fuels, such as gasoline, ethanol, methanol, etc. Rated for a capacity of 10 kWe (one-fifth of that needed for a car), the prototype fuel processor integrates the unit operations (vaporization, heat exchange, etc.) and processes (reforming, water-gas shift, preferential oxidation reactions, etc.) necessary to produce the hydrogen-rich gas (reformate) that will fuel the polymer electrolyte fuel cell stacks. The fuel processor work is being complemented by analytical and fundamental research. With the ultimate objective of meeting on-board fuel processor goals, these studies include: modeling fuel cell systems to identify design and operating features; evaluating alternative fuel processing options; and developing appropriate catalysts and materials. Issues and outstandingmore » challenges that need to be overcome in order to develop practical, on-board devices are discussed.« less

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
795822
Report Number(s):
ANL/CMT/CP-106354
TRN: US200213%%77
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2002 Future Car Congress, Arlington, VA (US), 06/03/2002--06/05/2002; Other Information: PBD: 4 Dec 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; 02 PETROLEUM; 10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; CATALYSTS; EFFICIENCY; ETHANOL; EVAPORATION; FUEL CELLS; GASOLINE; LIQUID FUELS; METHANOL; OXIDATION; PERFORMANCE; PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELLS; TARGETS

Citation Formats

Ahmed, S, Pereira, C, Lee, S H. D., and Krumpelt, M. Integrated fuel processor development.. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
Ahmed, S, Pereira, C, Lee, S H. D., & Krumpelt, M. Integrated fuel processor development.. United States.
Ahmed, S, Pereira, C, Lee, S H. D., and Krumpelt, M. Tue . "Integrated fuel processor development.". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/795822.
@article{osti_795822,
title = {Integrated fuel processor development.},
author = {Ahmed, S and Pereira, C and Lee, S H. D. and Krumpelt, M},
abstractNote = {The Department of Energy's Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies has been supporting the development of fuel-flexible fuel processors at Argonne National Laboratory. These fuel processors will enable fuel cell vehicles to operate on fuels available through the existing infrastructure. The constraints of on-board space and weight require that these fuel processors be designed to be compact and lightweight, while meeting the performance targets for efficiency and gas quality needed for the fuel cell. This paper discusses the performance of a prototype fuel processor that has been designed and fabricated to operate with liquid fuels, such as gasoline, ethanol, methanol, etc. Rated for a capacity of 10 kWe (one-fifth of that needed for a car), the prototype fuel processor integrates the unit operations (vaporization, heat exchange, etc.) and processes (reforming, water-gas shift, preferential oxidation reactions, etc.) necessary to produce the hydrogen-rich gas (reformate) that will fuel the polymer electrolyte fuel cell stacks. The fuel processor work is being complemented by analytical and fundamental research. With the ultimate objective of meeting on-board fuel processor goals, these studies include: modeling fuel cell systems to identify design and operating features; evaluating alternative fuel processing options; and developing appropriate catalysts and materials. Issues and outstanding challenges that need to be overcome in order to develop practical, on-board devices are discussed.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Dec 04 00:00:00 EST 2001},
month = {Tue Dec 04 00:00:00 EST 2001}
}

Conference:
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