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Title: Multiple tier fuel cycle studies for waste transmutation.

Abstract

As part of the U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Accelerator Applications Program, a systems study was conducted to evaluate the transmutation performance of advanced fuel cycle strategies. Three primary fuel cycle strategies were evaluated: dual-tier systems with plutonium separation, dual-tier systems without plutonium separation, and single-tier systems without plutonium separation. For each case, the system mass flow and TRU consumption were evaluated in detail. Furthermore, the loss of materials in fuel processing was tracked including the generation of new waste streams. Based on these results, the system performance was evaluated with respect to several key transmutation parameters including TRU inventory reduction, radiotoxicity, and support ratio. The importance of clean fuel processing ({approx}0.1% losses) and inclusion of a final tier fast spectrum system are demonstrated. With these two features, all scenarios capably reduce the TRU and plutonium waste content, significantly reducing the radiotoxicity; however, a significant infrastructure (at least 1/10 the total nuclear capacity) is required for the dedicated transmutation system.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
793894
Report Number(s):
ANL/RAE/CP-107021
TRN: US0201095
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 10th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-10), Arlington, VA (US), 04/14/2002--04/18/2002; Other Information: PBD: 1 Mar 2002
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; ACCELERATORS; CAPACITY; FUEL CYCLE; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING; PERFORMANCE; PLUTONIUM; TRANSMUTATION; WASTES

Citation Formats

Hill, R N, Taiwo, T A, Stillman, J A, Graziano, D J, Bennett, D R, Trellue, H, Todosow, M, Halsey, W G, and Baxter, A. Multiple tier fuel cycle studies for waste transmutation.. United States: N. p., 2002. Web. doi:10.1115/ICONE10-22575.
Hill, R N, Taiwo, T A, Stillman, J A, Graziano, D J, Bennett, D R, Trellue, H, Todosow, M, Halsey, W G, & Baxter, A. Multiple tier fuel cycle studies for waste transmutation.. United States. doi:10.1115/ICONE10-22575.
Hill, R N, Taiwo, T A, Stillman, J A, Graziano, D J, Bennett, D R, Trellue, H, Todosow, M, Halsey, W G, and Baxter, A. Fri . "Multiple tier fuel cycle studies for waste transmutation.". United States. doi:10.1115/ICONE10-22575. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/793894.
@article{osti_793894,
title = {Multiple tier fuel cycle studies for waste transmutation.},
author = {Hill, R N and Taiwo, T A and Stillman, J A and Graziano, D J and Bennett, D R and Trellue, H and Todosow, M and Halsey, W G and Baxter, A},
abstractNote = {As part of the U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Accelerator Applications Program, a systems study was conducted to evaluate the transmutation performance of advanced fuel cycle strategies. Three primary fuel cycle strategies were evaluated: dual-tier systems with plutonium separation, dual-tier systems without plutonium separation, and single-tier systems without plutonium separation. For each case, the system mass flow and TRU consumption were evaluated in detail. Furthermore, the loss of materials in fuel processing was tracked including the generation of new waste streams. Based on these results, the system performance was evaluated with respect to several key transmutation parameters including TRU inventory reduction, radiotoxicity, and support ratio. The importance of clean fuel processing ({approx}0.1% losses) and inclusion of a final tier fast spectrum system are demonstrated. With these two features, all scenarios capably reduce the TRU and plutonium waste content, significantly reducing the radiotoxicity; however, a significant infrastructure (at least 1/10 the total nuclear capacity) is required for the dedicated transmutation system.},
doi = {10.1115/ICONE10-22575},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {3}
}

Conference:
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