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Title: A Model of Solar Flares Based on Arcade Field Reconnection and Merging of Magnetic Islands

Abstract

Solar flares are intense, abrupt releases of energy in the solar corona. In the impulsive phase of a flare, the intensity of hard X-ray emission reaches a sharp peak indicating the highest reconnection rate. It is often observed that an X-ray emitting plasma ejecta (plasmoid) is launched before the impulsive phase and accelerated throughout the phase. Thus, the plasmoid ejection may not be an effect of fast magnetic reconnection as conventionally assumed, but a cause of fast reconnection. Based on resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulations, a solar flare model is presented, which can explain these observational characteristics of flares. In the model, merging of a newly generated magnetic island and a pre-existing island results in stretching and thinning of a current sheet, in which fast magnetic reconnection is induced. Recurrence of homologous flares naturally arises in this model. Mechanisms of magnetic island formation are also discussed.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab., NJ (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (US)
OSTI Identifier:
792994
Report Number(s):
PPPL-3639
TRN: US0200874
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-76CH03073
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 12 Dec 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; MAGNETIC ISLANDS; MAGNETIC RECONNECTION; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; PLASMOIDS; SOLAR CORONA; SOLAR FLARES

Citation Formats

G.S. Choe, and C.Z. Cheng. A Model of Solar Flares Based on Arcade Field Reconnection and Merging of Magnetic Islands. United States: N. p., 2001. Web. doi:10.2172/792994.
G.S. Choe, & C.Z. Cheng. A Model of Solar Flares Based on Arcade Field Reconnection and Merging of Magnetic Islands. United States. doi:10.2172/792994.
G.S. Choe, and C.Z. Cheng. Wed . "A Model of Solar Flares Based on Arcade Field Reconnection and Merging of Magnetic Islands". United States. doi:10.2172/792994. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/792994.
@article{osti_792994,
title = {A Model of Solar Flares Based on Arcade Field Reconnection and Merging of Magnetic Islands},
author = {G.S. Choe and C.Z. Cheng},
abstractNote = {Solar flares are intense, abrupt releases of energy in the solar corona. In the impulsive phase of a flare, the intensity of hard X-ray emission reaches a sharp peak indicating the highest reconnection rate. It is often observed that an X-ray emitting plasma ejecta (plasmoid) is launched before the impulsive phase and accelerated throughout the phase. Thus, the plasmoid ejection may not be an effect of fast magnetic reconnection as conventionally assumed, but a cause of fast reconnection. Based on resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulations, a solar flare model is presented, which can explain these observational characteristics of flares. In the model, merging of a newly generated magnetic island and a pre-existing island results in stretching and thinning of a current sheet, in which fast magnetic reconnection is induced. Recurrence of homologous flares naturally arises in this model. Mechanisms of magnetic island formation are also discussed.},
doi = {10.2172/792994},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {12}
}