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Title: Neutronics studies for a long-wavelength target station at SNS.

Abstract

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), under construction at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, will be the premier facility for neutron scattering studies in the United States. From the outset the SNS can achieve additional flexibility and accommodate a broader range of scientific investigation than would be possible with only the High Power Target Station by utilizing two target stations, each operating under a separate set of conditions and optimized for a certain class of instruments. A second target station, termed the Long-Wavelength Target Station (LWTS), would operate at a lower pulse rate (e.g., 10 vs. 60 Hz) and utilize very cold moderators to emphasize low-energy (long wavelength) neutrons. The LWTS concept discussed here obtains the highest low-energy fluxes possible for neutron scattering instruments by using a heavy-water-cooled solid tungsten target with two moderators in slab geometry and one in a front wing position. The primary focus has been on solid methane moderators, with liquid methane and hydrogen also considered. We used MCNPX to conduct a series of optimization and sensitivity studies to help determine the optimal neutronic parameters of the LWTS. We compared different options based on the thermal and epithermal fluxes as determined by fitting the spectral intensity of themore » moderators with a Maxwellian peak and a modified Westcott function. The primary parameters are the moderator positions and composition and the target size. We report results for spectral intensity, pulse shapes, high-energy neutron emission, heating profiles in the target, and target activation.« less

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
792116
Report Number(s):
ANL/IPNS/CP-105836
ISSN 0148-7191; TRN: US200205%%227
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: ANS 2001 Winter Meeting, Reno, NV (US), 11/11/2001--11/15/2001; Other Information: PBD: 21 Sep 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; 08 HYDROGEN; GEOMETRY; HEATING; HYDROGEN; METHANE; MODERATORS; NEUTRON EMISSION; NEUTRON SOURCES; NEUTRONS; SCATTERING; SENSITIVITY; SPALLATION; TARGETS; TUNGSTEN

Citation Formats

Micklich, B J, Iverson, E B, and Carpenter, J M. Neutronics studies for a long-wavelength target station at SNS.. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
Micklich, B J, Iverson, E B, & Carpenter, J M. Neutronics studies for a long-wavelength target station at SNS.. United States.
Micklich, B J, Iverson, E B, and Carpenter, J M. Fri . "Neutronics studies for a long-wavelength target station at SNS.". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/792116.
@article{osti_792116,
title = {Neutronics studies for a long-wavelength target station at SNS.},
author = {Micklich, B J and Iverson, E B and Carpenter, J M},
abstractNote = {The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), under construction at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, will be the premier facility for neutron scattering studies in the United States. From the outset the SNS can achieve additional flexibility and accommodate a broader range of scientific investigation than would be possible with only the High Power Target Station by utilizing two target stations, each operating under a separate set of conditions and optimized for a certain class of instruments. A second target station, termed the Long-Wavelength Target Station (LWTS), would operate at a lower pulse rate (e.g., 10 vs. 60 Hz) and utilize very cold moderators to emphasize low-energy (long wavelength) neutrons. The LWTS concept discussed here obtains the highest low-energy fluxes possible for neutron scattering instruments by using a heavy-water-cooled solid tungsten target with two moderators in slab geometry and one in a front wing position. The primary focus has been on solid methane moderators, with liquid methane and hydrogen also considered. We used MCNPX to conduct a series of optimization and sensitivity studies to help determine the optimal neutronic parameters of the LWTS. We compared different options based on the thermal and epithermal fluxes as determined by fitting the spectral intensity of the moderators with a Maxwellian peak and a modified Westcott function. The primary parameters are the moderator positions and composition and the target size. We report results for spectral intensity, pulse shapes, high-energy neutron emission, heating profiles in the target, and target activation.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/792116}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {9}
}

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