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Title: Advanced, Environmentally Friendly Hydroelectric Turbines for the Restoration of Fish and Water Quality

Abstract

Hydroelectric power contributes about 10 percent of the electrical energy generated in the United States, and nearly 20 percent of the world�s electrical energy. The contribution of hydroelectric generation has declined in recent years, often as a consequence of environmental concerns centering around (1) restriction of upstream and downstream fish passage by the dam, and (2) alteration of water quality and river flows by the impoundment. The Advanced Hydropower Turbine System (AHTS) Program of the U.S. Department of Energy is developing turbine technology which would help to maximize global hydropower resources while minimizing adverse environmental effects. Major technical goals for the Program are (1) the reduction of mortality among turbine-passed fish to 2 percent or less, compared to current levels ranging up to 30 percent or greater; and (2) development of aerating turbines that would ensure that water discharged from reservoirs has a dissolved oxygen concentration of at least 6 mg/L. These advanced, �environmentally friendly� turbines would be suitable both for new hydropower installations and for retrofitting at existing dams. Several new turbine designs that have been he AHTS program are described.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Geothermal Technologies (EE-12)
OSTI Identifier:
7908
Report Number(s):
ORNL/CP-103291
64 70 51 50 1; ON: DE00007908
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-96OR22464
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Integrated Global Water Management Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, September 6-10, 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
13 HYDRO ENERGY; Hydroelectric Power; Turbines; Fishes; Water Quality

Citation Formats

Brookshier, P.A., Cada, G.F., Flynn, J.V., Rinehart, B.N., Sale, M.J., and Sommers, G.L. Advanced, Environmentally Friendly Hydroelectric Turbines for the Restoration of Fish and Water Quality. United States: N. p., 1999. Web.
Brookshier, P.A., Cada, G.F., Flynn, J.V., Rinehart, B.N., Sale, M.J., & Sommers, G.L. Advanced, Environmentally Friendly Hydroelectric Turbines for the Restoration of Fish and Water Quality. United States.
Brookshier, P.A., Cada, G.F., Flynn, J.V., Rinehart, B.N., Sale, M.J., and Sommers, G.L. Mon . "Advanced, Environmentally Friendly Hydroelectric Turbines for the Restoration of Fish and Water Quality". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/7908.
@article{osti_7908,
title = {Advanced, Environmentally Friendly Hydroelectric Turbines for the Restoration of Fish and Water Quality},
author = {Brookshier, P.A. and Cada, G.F. and Flynn, J.V. and Rinehart, B.N. and Sale, M.J. and Sommers, G.L.},
abstractNote = {Hydroelectric power contributes about 10 percent of the electrical energy generated in the United States, and nearly 20 percent of the world�s electrical energy. The contribution of hydroelectric generation has declined in recent years, often as a consequence of environmental concerns centering around (1) restriction of upstream and downstream fish passage by the dam, and (2) alteration of water quality and river flows by the impoundment. The Advanced Hydropower Turbine System (AHTS) Program of the U.S. Department of Energy is developing turbine technology which would help to maximize global hydropower resources while minimizing adverse environmental effects. Major technical goals for the Program are (1) the reduction of mortality among turbine-passed fish to 2 percent or less, compared to current levels ranging up to 30 percent or greater; and (2) development of aerating turbines that would ensure that water discharged from reservoirs has a dissolved oxygen concentration of at least 6 mg/L. These advanced, �environmentally friendly� turbines would be suitable both for new hydropower installations and for retrofitting at existing dams. Several new turbine designs that have been he AHTS program are described.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {9}
}

Conference:
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