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Title: New Anion-Exchange Resins for Improved Separations of Nuclear Materials

Abstract

Improved separations of nuclear materials will have a significant impact upon a broad range of DOE activities. DOE-EM Focus Areas and Crosscutting Programs have identified improved methods for the extraction and recovery of radioactive metal ions from process, waste, and environmental waters as critical needs for the coming years. We propose to develop multifunctional anion-exchange resins that facilitate anion uptake by carefully controlling the structure of the anion receptor site. Our new ion-exchange resins interface the field of ion-specific chelating ligands with robust, commercial ion-exchange technology to provide materials which exhibit superior selectivity and kinetics of sorption and desorption. The following Focus Areas and Crosscutting Programs have described needs that would be favorably impacted by the new material: Efficient Separations and Processing - radionuclide removal from aqueous phases; Plutonium - Pu, Am or total alpha removal to meet regulatory requirement s before discharge to the environment; Plumes - U and Tc in groundwater, U, Pu, Am, and Tc in soils; Mixed Waste - radionuclide partitioning; High-Level Tank Waste - actinide and Tc removal from supernatants and/or sludges. The basic scientific issues which need to be addressed are actinide complex speciation along with modeling of metal complex/functional site interactions in ordermore » to determine optimal binding-site characteristics. Synthesis of multifunctionalized extractants and ion-exchange materials that implement key features of the optimized binding site, and testing of these materials, will provide feedback to the modeling and design activities. Resin materials which actively facilitate the uptake of actinide complexes from solution should display both improved selectivity and kinetic properties. The long-range implications of this research, however, go far beyond the nuclear complex. This new methodology of ''facilitated uptake'' could revolutionize ion-exchange technology, allowing this robust, inexpensive procedure to attain unprecedented levels of ion affinity and selectivity.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM) (US)
OSTI Identifier:
790210
Report Number(s):
DOE/ER/14765; Project Number 54770
TRN: US0200406
DOE Contract Number:  
FG07-97ER14765
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 30 Apr 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ION EXCHANGE; RADIOISOTOPES; RESINS; ION EXCHANGE MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE PROCESSING; REMEDIAL ACTION; MATERIALS RECOVERY; MATERIALS TESTING; CHELATING LIGANDS; ANION-EXCHANGE; ION-EXCHANGE; AMERICIUM; NITRIC-ACID PLUTONIUM; CEMENTED WASTES; SORPTION/DESORPTION; WASTE AND PROCESS STREAMS

Citation Formats

Bartsch, Richard A, and Barr, Mary E. New Anion-Exchange Resins for Improved Separations of Nuclear Materials. United States: N. p., 2001. Web. doi:10.2172/790210.
Bartsch, Richard A, & Barr, Mary E. New Anion-Exchange Resins for Improved Separations of Nuclear Materials. United States. doi:10.2172/790210.
Bartsch, Richard A, and Barr, Mary E. Mon . "New Anion-Exchange Resins for Improved Separations of Nuclear Materials". United States. doi:10.2172/790210. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/790210.
@article{osti_790210,
title = {New Anion-Exchange Resins for Improved Separations of Nuclear Materials},
author = {Bartsch, Richard A and Barr, Mary E},
abstractNote = {Improved separations of nuclear materials will have a significant impact upon a broad range of DOE activities. DOE-EM Focus Areas and Crosscutting Programs have identified improved methods for the extraction and recovery of radioactive metal ions from process, waste, and environmental waters as critical needs for the coming years. We propose to develop multifunctional anion-exchange resins that facilitate anion uptake by carefully controlling the structure of the anion receptor site. Our new ion-exchange resins interface the field of ion-specific chelating ligands with robust, commercial ion-exchange technology to provide materials which exhibit superior selectivity and kinetics of sorption and desorption. The following Focus Areas and Crosscutting Programs have described needs that would be favorably impacted by the new material: Efficient Separations and Processing - radionuclide removal from aqueous phases; Plutonium - Pu, Am or total alpha removal to meet regulatory requirement s before discharge to the environment; Plumes - U and Tc in groundwater, U, Pu, Am, and Tc in soils; Mixed Waste - radionuclide partitioning; High-Level Tank Waste - actinide and Tc removal from supernatants and/or sludges. The basic scientific issues which need to be addressed are actinide complex speciation along with modeling of metal complex/functional site interactions in order to determine optimal binding-site characteristics. Synthesis of multifunctionalized extractants and ion-exchange materials that implement key features of the optimized binding site, and testing of these materials, will provide feedback to the modeling and design activities. Resin materials which actively facilitate the uptake of actinide complexes from solution should display both improved selectivity and kinetic properties. The long-range implications of this research, however, go far beyond the nuclear complex. This new methodology of ''facilitated uptake'' could revolutionize ion-exchange technology, allowing this robust, inexpensive procedure to attain unprecedented levels of ion affinity and selectivity.},
doi = {10.2172/790210},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {4}
}