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Title: Release of radioisotopes and activated materials from nuclear installations and facilities

Abstract

This report discusses the problems of release of items from facilities and installations where radiation-based activities have been carried out. Several situations are reviewed and their release problems are discussed in detail. Particular attention is devoted to the assessment of the activity of the items to be released. A correct assessment of the activity will help the decision about the final use of the items removed from the radiation-related facility, either re-use, entering the public market, recycling, disposal and storage under different procedures. Even the final destination of the building which hosted the facility needs to be decided on the basis of an accurate assessment of the residual activity. The assessment of the activity, besides being fundamental in guaranteeing a safe approach to the procedures related to the release may result in a substantial profit. This is the case of items whose level of activity is so low that they can be put on the public market, reused or recycled for final product subject to very stringent radiation safety requirements. It will be shown that detector techniques play a fundamental role in the release process. In particular, the low-level counting techniques are fundamental in establishing whether or not the unrestrainedmore » release is feasible or not.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
790034
Report Number(s):
LBNL-49217
R&D Project: 610801; TRN: US0200335
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-76SF00098
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 21 Nov 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; COUNTING TECHNIQUES; MARKET; RADIATION PROTECTION; RECYCLING; RADIOACTIVE WASTE STORAGE; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE PRODUCT UTILIZATION

Citation Formats

Manfredi, P.F., and Millaud, J. E. Release of radioisotopes and activated materials from nuclear installations and facilities. United States: N. p., 2001. Web. doi:10.2172/790034.
Manfredi, P.F., & Millaud, J. E. Release of radioisotopes and activated materials from nuclear installations and facilities. United States. doi:10.2172/790034.
Manfredi, P.F., and Millaud, J. E. Wed . "Release of radioisotopes and activated materials from nuclear installations and facilities". United States. doi:10.2172/790034. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/790034.
@article{osti_790034,
title = {Release of radioisotopes and activated materials from nuclear installations and facilities},
author = {Manfredi, P.F. and Millaud, J. E.},
abstractNote = {This report discusses the problems of release of items from facilities and installations where radiation-based activities have been carried out. Several situations are reviewed and their release problems are discussed in detail. Particular attention is devoted to the assessment of the activity of the items to be released. A correct assessment of the activity will help the decision about the final use of the items removed from the radiation-related facility, either re-use, entering the public market, recycling, disposal and storage under different procedures. Even the final destination of the building which hosted the facility needs to be decided on the basis of an accurate assessment of the residual activity. The assessment of the activity, besides being fundamental in guaranteeing a safe approach to the procedures related to the release may result in a substantial profit. This is the case of items whose level of activity is so low that they can be put on the public market, reused or recycled for final product subject to very stringent radiation safety requirements. It will be shown that detector techniques play a fundamental role in the release process. In particular, the low-level counting techniques are fundamental in establishing whether or not the unrestrained release is feasible or not.},
doi = {10.2172/790034},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {11}
}