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Title: Database and Interim Glass Property Models for Hanford HLW Glasses

Abstract

The purpose of this report is to provide a methodology for an increase in the efficiency and a decrease in the cost of vitrifying high-level waste (HLW) by optimizing HLW glass formulation. This methodology consists in collecting and generating a database of glass properties that determine HLW glass processability and acceptability and relating these properties to glass composition. The report explains how the property-composition models are developed, fitted to data, used for glass formulation optimization, and continuously updated in response to changes in HLW composition estimates and changes in glass processing technology. Further, the report reviews the glass property-composition literature data and presents their preliminary critical evaluation and screening. Finally the report provides interim property-composition models for melt viscosity, for liquidus temperature (with spinel and zircon primary crystalline phases), and for the product consistency test normalized releases of B, Na, and Li. Models were fitted to a subset of the screened database deemed most relevant for the current HLW composition region.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
787351
Report Number(s):
PNNL-13573; EW4010000
EW4010000; TRN: US0109236
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-76RLO1830
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 24 Jul 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; GLASS; SPINELS; VISCOSITY; ZIRCON; WASTE FORMS; INFORMATION SYSTEMS; HANFORD RESERVATION; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; VITRIFICATION; COST; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; PHASE STUDIES

Citation Formats

Hrma, Pavel R, Piepel, Gregory F, Vienna, John D, Cooley, Scott K, Kim, Dong-Sang, and Russell, Renee L. Database and Interim Glass Property Models for Hanford HLW Glasses. United States: N. p., 2001. Web. doi:10.2172/787351.
Hrma, Pavel R, Piepel, Gregory F, Vienna, John D, Cooley, Scott K, Kim, Dong-Sang, & Russell, Renee L. Database and Interim Glass Property Models for Hanford HLW Glasses. United States. doi:10.2172/787351.
Hrma, Pavel R, Piepel, Gregory F, Vienna, John D, Cooley, Scott K, Kim, Dong-Sang, and Russell, Renee L. Tue . "Database and Interim Glass Property Models for Hanford HLW Glasses". United States. doi:10.2172/787351. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/787351.
@article{osti_787351,
title = {Database and Interim Glass Property Models for Hanford HLW Glasses},
author = {Hrma, Pavel R and Piepel, Gregory F and Vienna, John D and Cooley, Scott K and Kim, Dong-Sang and Russell, Renee L},
abstractNote = {The purpose of this report is to provide a methodology for an increase in the efficiency and a decrease in the cost of vitrifying high-level waste (HLW) by optimizing HLW glass formulation. This methodology consists in collecting and generating a database of glass properties that determine HLW glass processability and acceptability and relating these properties to glass composition. The report explains how the property-composition models are developed, fitted to data, used for glass formulation optimization, and continuously updated in response to changes in HLW composition estimates and changes in glass processing technology. Further, the report reviews the glass property-composition literature data and presents their preliminary critical evaluation and screening. Finally the report provides interim property-composition models for melt viscosity, for liquidus temperature (with spinel and zircon primary crystalline phases), and for the product consistency test normalized releases of B, Na, and Li. Models were fitted to a subset of the screened database deemed most relevant for the current HLW composition region.},
doi = {10.2172/787351},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jul 24 00:00:00 EDT 2001},
month = {Tue Jul 24 00:00:00 EDT 2001}
}

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