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Title: SPALLATION STUDIES ON SHOCK LOADED U-6 WT PCT NB

Abstract

No abstract prepared.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
785174
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-99-3575
TRN: US0111273
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Conference title not supplied, Conference location not supplied, Conference dates not supplied; Other Information: PBD: 1 Jul 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; SPALLATION; URANIUM BASE ALLOYS; NIOBIUM ALLOYS; IMPACT SHOCK

Citation Formats

D. TONKS, J. VORTHMAN, and ET AL. SPALLATION STUDIES ON SHOCK LOADED U-6 WT PCT NB. United States: N. p., 1999. Web.
D. TONKS, J. VORTHMAN, & ET AL. SPALLATION STUDIES ON SHOCK LOADED U-6 WT PCT NB. United States.
D. TONKS, J. VORTHMAN, and ET AL. 1999. "SPALLATION STUDIES ON SHOCK LOADED U-6 WT PCT NB". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/785174.
@article{osti_785174,
title = {SPALLATION STUDIES ON SHOCK LOADED U-6 WT PCT NB},
author = {D. TONKS and J. VORTHMAN and ET AL},
abstractNote = {No abstract prepared.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 1999,
month = 7
}

Conference:
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  • Uranium samples at two different purity levels were used for spall strength measurements at three different stress levels. A 50 mm single-stage gas-gun was used to produce planar impact conditions using Z-cut quartz impactors. Samples of depleted uranium were taken from very high purity material and from material that had 300 ppm of carbon added. A pair of shots was done for each impact strength, one member of the pair with VISAR diagnostics and the second with soft recovery for metallographical examination. A series of increasing final stress states were chosen to effectively freeze the microstructural damage at three placesmore » in the development to full spall separation. This allowed determination of the dependence of spall mechanisms on stress level and sample purity. This report will discuss both the results of the metallurgical examination of soft recovered samples and the modeling of the free surface VISAR data. The micrographs taken from the recovered samples show brittle cracking as the spallation failure mechanism. Deformation induced twins are plentiful and obviously play a role in the spallation process. The twins are produced in the initial shock loading and, so, are present already before the fracture process begins. The 1 d characteristics code CHARADE has been used to model the free surface VISAR data.« less
  • Several spallation experiments have been performed on the 6 wt pct alloy of uranium using gas gun driven normal plate impacts with VISAR instrumentation and soft recovery. The nominal shock pressures achieved were 28, 34, 42, 50, 55, and 82 kbar. This paper will focus on spallation modeling, e.g. using the 1 D characteristics code CHARADE to simulate the free surface particle velocity. The spallation model involves the ductile growth and coalescence of voids. Metallographical examination of recovered samples and details of the experimental apparatus are discussed in a separate paper.
  • Several spallation experiments have been performed on uranium using gas gun driven normal plate impacts with VISAR instrumentation and soft recovery. The shock pressures achieved were 81, 53, and 37 kbar. This paper will focus on modeling the free surface particle velocity trace U with of 300 ppm carbon using the 1 d characteristics code CHARADE. The spallation model involves the growth and coalescence of brittle cracks. Metallographical examination of recovered samples and details of the experimental apparatus are discussed in separate papers. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}
  • Several spallation experiments have been performed on uranium using gas gun driven normal plate impacts with, VISAR instrumentation and soft recovery. The shock pressures achieved were 81, 53, and 37 kbar. This paper will focus on modeling the free surface particle velocity trace U with of 300 ppm carbon using the 1 d characteristics code CHARADE. The spallation model involves the growth and coalescence of brittle cracks. Metallographical examination of recovered samples and details of the experimental apparatus are discussed in separate papers.
  • Several spallation experiments have been performed on uranium using gas gun driven normal plate impacts with VISAR instrumentation and soft recovery. The shock pressures achieved were 81, 53, and 37 kbar. This paper will focus on modeling the free surface particle velocity trace U with of 300 ppm carbon using the 1 d characteristics code CHARADE. The spallation model involves the growth and coalescence of brittle cracks. Metallographical examination of recovered samples and details of the experimental apparatus are discussed in separate papers.