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Title: OVERVIEW OF AN UNATTENDED MONITORING SYSTEM

Abstract

No abstract prepared.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
784488
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-01-4547
TRN: US200306%%144
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Conference title not supplied, Conference location not supplied, Conference dates not supplied; Other Information: PBD: 1 Aug 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; MONITORING; NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT; LANL

Citation Formats

J. K. HALBIG. OVERVIEW OF AN UNATTENDED MONITORING SYSTEM. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
J. K. HALBIG. OVERVIEW OF AN UNATTENDED MONITORING SYSTEM. United States.
J. K. HALBIG. Wed . "OVERVIEW OF AN UNATTENDED MONITORING SYSTEM". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/784488.
@article{osti_784488,
title = {OVERVIEW OF AN UNATTENDED MONITORING SYSTEM},
author = {J. K. HALBIG},
abstractNote = {No abstract prepared.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Aug 01 00:00:00 EDT 2001},
month = {Wed Aug 01 00:00:00 EDT 2001}
}

Conference:
Other availability
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  • Nonproliferation and nuclear safeguards activities by agencies such as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute (JNC) require the means to ensure that only authorized activities occur during periods when an inspector is not present. Unattended monitoring systems are designed to minimize human resource requirements both during inspection visits and in the period between visits via installation of a primarily automated monitoring system. This system is capable of meeting or exceeding human inspection reliability and consistency. Implementation of an unattended monitoring system should also provide less expensive continuous coverage of the inspected facility over themore » lifetime of the inspections when compared to the cost of inspector time and travel. Furthermore, a transition to remote monitoring systems, while decreasing cost and time burdens to an inspection agency, simultaneously provides for a unified safeguards approach that is not facility dependent. A second generation of unattended and remote monitoring (UNARM) systems has been developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory for use in nuclear fuel cycle facilities. These systems allow for more efficient use of inspection resources and more rigorous coverage of nuclear facilities. These systems incorporate several types of sensors that are capable of low-level intercommunication to enable a comprehensive and multi-layered coverage of facility operations. These systems utilize data from radiation, motion, video, and balanced magnetic switch sensors, for example. When information from all sensors is combined together, an unambiguous reconstruction of facility operations can be assembled.« less
  • The paper describes the user and technical specifications put forward by inspectors in order to fulfill the safeguards requirements specified in the facility attachment and for the verification of spent fuel assemblies received at the reprocessing plant. It also addresses the technical options and design made by the developer, Department des Applications et de la Metrologie, (CEA/DAMRI), in developing the CONSULHA as well as constraints encountered during the installation in the dry unloading cell at the reprocessing facility. Specific points, such as purchasing and running costs, maintenance of the equipment, authentication of the data recorded and training of inspectors, aremore » also discussed. Furthermore, it looks into the prospect of such a system for future safeguards application. Finally, the paper summarizes the experience gained by the inspectors with the equipment and the impact of the safeguards approach on the spent fuel storage ponds.« less
  • A methodology for designing Unattended Monitoring Systems starting at a systems level has been developed at Sandia National Laboratories. This proven methodology provides a template that describes the process for selecting and applying appropriate technologies to meet unattended system requirements, as well as providing a framework for development of both training courses and workshops associated with unattended monitoring. The design and implementation of unattended monitoring systems is generally intended to respond to some form of policy based requirements resulting from international agreements or domestic regulations. Once the monitoring requirements are established, a review of the associated process and its relatedmore » facilities enables identification of strategic monitoring locations and development of a conceptual system design. The detailed design effort results in the definition of detection components as well as the supporting communications network and data management scheme. The data analyses then enables a coherent display of the knowledge generated during the monitoring effort. The resultant knowledge is then compared to the original system objectives to ensure that the design adequately addresses the fundamental principles stated in the policy agreements. Implementation of this design methodology will ensure that comprehensive unattended monitoring system designs provide appropriate answers to those critical questions imposed by specific agreements or regulations. This paper describes the main features of the methodology and discusses how it can be applied in real world situations.« less
  • No abstract prepared.
  • No abstract prepared.