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Title: OXYGEN CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENT IN LIQUID LEAD-BISMUTH EUTECTIC

Abstract

No abstract prepared.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab., NM (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
US Department of Energy (US)
OSTI Identifier:
784308
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-01-4486
TRN: AH200137%%123
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Conference title not supplied, Conference location not supplied, Conference dates not supplied; Other Information: PBD: 1 Jul 2001
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; EUTECTICS; OXYGEN; LEAD; BISMUTH

Citation Formats

T. W. DARLING, and N. LI. OXYGEN CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENT IN LIQUID LEAD-BISMUTH EUTECTIC. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
T. W. DARLING, & N. LI. OXYGEN CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENT IN LIQUID LEAD-BISMUTH EUTECTIC. United States.
T. W. DARLING, and N. LI. Sun . "OXYGEN CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENT IN LIQUID LEAD-BISMUTH EUTECTIC". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/784308.
@article{osti_784308,
title = {OXYGEN CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENT IN LIQUID LEAD-BISMUTH EUTECTIC},
author = {T. W. DARLING and N. LI},
abstractNote = {No abstract prepared.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2001},
month = {Sun Jul 01 00:00:00 EDT 2001}
}

Conference:
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  • Liquid lead-bismuth (Pb-Bi) eutectic (LBE) may see extensive use as a coolant fluid, and perhaps also as a spallation target, in next generation nuclear energy systems. While it is not as reactive as alkali metal liquids, it does present a long term corrosion problem with some materials, notably stainless steels. Mitigation of the corrosion problem may be achieved by producing and maintaining a protective oxide on exposed surfaces, through control of the concentration of dissolved oxygen in the LBE. We have developed an oxygen sensor based on available zirconia-based solid electrolytes used in the automotive industry, which represents a relativelymore » inexpensive source of reproducible and reliable components. We will present the design considerations and characteristics of our sensor unit, and describe its use in the LBE test loop at Los Alamos for measurement and control of dissolved oxygen concentration.« less
  • This paper numerically analyzes the oxygen transport in an active oxygen controlled lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) system. Corrosion in near wall areas and oxide-layer formations on container surfaces are included. Simulations are carried out on a simplified rectangle container. Different temperature boundary conditions are added to the container to induce pure natural-convection LBE flows. The strength of the flows is measured by the Rayleigh number (Ra). Three laminar cases: (a) heated from the bottom and cooled from the top of the container; (b) heated from the sidewalls and cooled from the top of the container; (c) one sidewall heated and themore » opposite wall cooled, and one fully turbulent case with one sidewall heated and the opposite sidewall cooled are selected and analyzed in detail. In each case, the characteristic velocity and oxygen diffusion time are estimated, the change of oxygen distribution with time are obtained, and the bulk concentration of oxygen and the efficiency of oxide layer formation on different liquid-solid interfaces are calculated. Based on the analysis, several conclusions are finally obtained. (authors)« less
  • Lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) technology is being developed as a primary candidate for a nuclear coolant in accelerator-driven systems and advanced reactors. However, the corrosion of containment and structural materials remains a major issue. Properly controlling the low oxygen level in LBE to mitigate corrosion proves effective under certain conditions. To mix the oxygen uniformly and quickly, the forced convection is proposed to enhance the oxygen transport using cover gas scheme. A lattice Boltzmann simulation of LBE flow and oxygen transport in a simplified container was carried out to explore characteristics of the oxygen transport. The oxygen control technique with covermore » gas scheme is formulated. To find more efficient way to mix the oxygen, three different forced convection flow patterns on the oxygen transport are investigated. The simulation results show that the force convections induced by all the boundary conditions greatly enhance the oxygen transport in the liquid metal of our system. Both of transient oxygen distribution, oxygen diffusion time, and average Sherwood number at the interface are investigated and some useful information are also provided to calibrate low concentration level oxygen sensors. (authors)« less
  • No abstract prepared.
  • The experimental study has been carried out to investigate reaction, transport and settling behavior of lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) in flowing liquid sodium. In the test, 168 g of LBE were poured into flowing sodium from the top of a vertical-type sodium loop which contained 23.2 kg of sodium. The initial temperature of LBE and sodium was 673 K. The flow rate and the maximum velocity of sodium in the loop were controlled and measured at 20 dm{sup 3}/min and 1 m/sec, respectively, using an electro-magnetic pump and an electro-magnetic flow meter. The sodium loop has a settling chamber at themore » lower part to investigate the concentration decrease behavior of solid particle reaction products in the sodium due to the settling effect. The concentration was measured by sodium sampling from the 11 positions of the loop during the experiment and its post-test chemical analysis. The temperature changes at the various parts of the loop were also measured during the experiment by thermo-couples attached on the outer surface of the loop. Ultrasonic detectors were attached on the outer surface of the loop below the position of a LBE pour nozzle to demonstrate the utility as a leak detector. (authors)« less